The degree of disease knowledge in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: A multi-center prospective study in Korea

The Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, GERD and Esophageal Function Research Committee

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Abstract

Background/Aims Patient education has been shown to be beneficial in several diseases. To properly educate patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), it is necessary to understand how much they already know about their disease. However, no study has examined the degree of disease knowledge in Korean patients with GERD. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess the degree of knowledge in such patients. Methods This multicenter prospective study was conducted from January 2014 to January 2015. A total of 746 patients (mean age, 52 years; 57.6% female) were enrolled from 7 hospitals in Korea. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of GERD and ability to properly complete a survey. Degree of disease knowledge was assessed using the translated, validated Korean Urnes questionnaire, which consists of 22 items related to GERD. Results Mean percentage of correct answers was 46.3% and mean GERD knowledge score was 9.6. Degree of knowledge (mean percentage of correct answers) regarding etiology, prognosis, and treatment of GERD were 49.5%, 36.7%, and 37.5%, respectively. Degree of disease knowledge differed significantly according to age (P < 0.001), education (P < 0.001), income (P = 0.028), and occupation (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, using multiple logistic regression, the higher knowledge score group tended to have higher education and professional occupation. Conclusions The surveyed Korean patients had relatively low disease knowledge, suggesting that a GERD educational program may be beneficial in Korea. Formulation of a program is underway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-391
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Gastroenterology

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    The Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, GERD and Esophageal Function Research Committee (2017). The degree of disease knowledge in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: A multi-center prospective study in Korea. Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 23(3), 385-391. https://doi.org/10.5056/jnm16123