The distribution of intraocular pressure and associated systemic factors in a Korean population: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Mi Jeung Kim, Ki Ho Park, Chan Yun Kim, Jin Wook Jeoung, Seok Hwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose To investigate the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its associated factors in a large Korean population based on the data from the nationwide cross-sectional survey. Methods We obtained 2009-2010 data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (n = 17 901). After excluding individuals under 19 years of age, a total of 13 431 subjects were enrolled. All participants completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent an ocular examination including measurement of IOP by Goldmann applanation tonometry, as well as a systemic evaluation including blood pressure measurements, anthropometry and blood tests. Results The mean IOP in the right eye was 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, and in the left eye, 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, representing no significant bilateral difference. There was, however, a significant difference between males (14.19 ± 2.78 mmHg) and females (13.79 ± 2.70 mmHg) (p < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that higher IOP was significantly correlated with male sex, higher myopic refractive error, higher body mass index, higher systolic blood pressure, higher fasting plasma glucose and higher total cholesterol (all p < 0.05). On the other hand, age, histories of smoking or migraine or cold hands/feet were not significantly correlated with IOP (all p > 0.05). Conclusions In the general Korean population, IOP increases with male sex and increasing myopia. Further, IOP is significantly correlated with systemic factors relating to cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e507-e513
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume92
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 1

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Nutrition Surveys
Korea
Intraocular Pressure
Population
Anthropometry
Myopia
Manometry
Population Dynamics
Hematologic Tests
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Blood Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

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title = "The distribution of intraocular pressure and associated systemic factors in a Korean population: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey",
abstract = "Purpose To investigate the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its associated factors in a large Korean population based on the data from the nationwide cross-sectional survey. Methods We obtained 2009-2010 data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (n = 17 901). After excluding individuals under 19 years of age, a total of 13 431 subjects were enrolled. All participants completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent an ocular examination including measurement of IOP by Goldmann applanation tonometry, as well as a systemic evaluation including blood pressure measurements, anthropometry and blood tests. Results The mean IOP in the right eye was 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, and in the left eye, 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, representing no significant bilateral difference. There was, however, a significant difference between males (14.19 ± 2.78 mmHg) and females (13.79 ± 2.70 mmHg) (p < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that higher IOP was significantly correlated with male sex, higher myopic refractive error, higher body mass index, higher systolic blood pressure, higher fasting plasma glucose and higher total cholesterol (all p < 0.05). On the other hand, age, histories of smoking or migraine or cold hands/feet were not significantly correlated with IOP (all p > 0.05). Conclusions In the general Korean population, IOP increases with male sex and increasing myopia. Further, IOP is significantly correlated with systemic factors relating to cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome.",
author = "Kim, {Mi Jeung} and Park, {Ki Ho} and Kim, {Chan Yun} and Jeoung, {Jin Wook} and Kim, {Seok Hwan}",
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The distribution of intraocular pressure and associated systemic factors in a Korean population : The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. / Kim, Mi Jeung; Park, Ki Ho; Kim, Chan Yun; Jeoung, Jin Wook; Kim, Seok Hwan.

In: Acta Ophthalmologica, Vol. 92, No. 7, 01.11.2014, p. e507-e513.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - The distribution of intraocular pressure and associated systemic factors in a Korean population

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AU - Kim, Mi Jeung

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N2 - Purpose To investigate the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its associated factors in a large Korean population based on the data from the nationwide cross-sectional survey. Methods We obtained 2009-2010 data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (n = 17 901). After excluding individuals under 19 years of age, a total of 13 431 subjects were enrolled. All participants completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent an ocular examination including measurement of IOP by Goldmann applanation tonometry, as well as a systemic evaluation including blood pressure measurements, anthropometry and blood tests. Results The mean IOP in the right eye was 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, and in the left eye, 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, representing no significant bilateral difference. There was, however, a significant difference between males (14.19 ± 2.78 mmHg) and females (13.79 ± 2.70 mmHg) (p < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that higher IOP was significantly correlated with male sex, higher myopic refractive error, higher body mass index, higher systolic blood pressure, higher fasting plasma glucose and higher total cholesterol (all p < 0.05). On the other hand, age, histories of smoking or migraine or cold hands/feet were not significantly correlated with IOP (all p > 0.05). Conclusions In the general Korean population, IOP increases with male sex and increasing myopia. Further, IOP is significantly correlated with systemic factors relating to cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome.

AB - Purpose To investigate the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its associated factors in a large Korean population based on the data from the nationwide cross-sectional survey. Methods We obtained 2009-2010 data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (n = 17 901). After excluding individuals under 19 years of age, a total of 13 431 subjects were enrolled. All participants completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent an ocular examination including measurement of IOP by Goldmann applanation tonometry, as well as a systemic evaluation including blood pressure measurements, anthropometry and blood tests. Results The mean IOP in the right eye was 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, and in the left eye, 13.99 ± 2.75 mmHg, representing no significant bilateral difference. There was, however, a significant difference between males (14.19 ± 2.78 mmHg) and females (13.79 ± 2.70 mmHg) (p < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that higher IOP was significantly correlated with male sex, higher myopic refractive error, higher body mass index, higher systolic blood pressure, higher fasting plasma glucose and higher total cholesterol (all p < 0.05). On the other hand, age, histories of smoking or migraine or cold hands/feet were not significantly correlated with IOP (all p > 0.05). Conclusions In the general Korean population, IOP increases with male sex and increasing myopia. Further, IOP is significantly correlated with systemic factors relating to cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome.

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