We sought to analyze the efficacy of adalimumab in active noninfectious uveitis, and evaluate its efficacy and safety for the man-agement of refractory noninfectious uveitis in Korean patients. A retrospective observational study was conducted. A total of 23 eyes of 14 Korean patients with noninfectious uveitis refractory to conventional treatment, including corticosteroid and immuno-suppressive agents, were treated with adalimumab between December 2017 and February 2020. The primary outcomes were vitreous haziness grades, anterior chamber cell grades, and central macular thickness measured prior to injection and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the first adalimumab injection. Among the 23 eyes, 14 eyes (60.9%) were diagnosed with panuveitis and 9 eyes (39.1%) with posterior uveitis [mean follow-up period: 22.3 months (7–27)]. The most common etiologic diagnoses requiring adali-mumab injection were Behçet’s disease (9 eyes, 39.1%), followed by undifferentiated inflammation (6 eyes, 26.1%), Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (3 eyes, 13.0%), psoriasis (2 eyes, 8.7%), serpiginous chorioretinopathy (2 eyes, 8.7%), and systemic lupus erythe-matosus (1 eye, 4.3%). At the 1-year follow-up after the first injection, anterior chamber cell grade decreased from 0.5±0.4 to 0.3±0.4, and vitreous haziness grade decreased from 1.1±1.1 to 0.3±0.5 (p<0.05). Central macular thickness improved from 347.2±98.1 µm to 264.3±61.1 µm (p<0.05). Adalimumab injection in patients with refractory noninfectious uveitis decreased the anterior chamber cell grade, vitreous haziness grade, and central macular thickness with no severe side effect. Overall, adalimum-ab injection may, therefore, be an effective and relatively safe treatment modality for noninfectious uveitis in Korean patients.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Yonsei medical journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Feb|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the “Hankook Ilbo Seung Myung Ho” Faculty Research Assistance Program of Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2020-0236), by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean govern-
This study was supported by the ?Hankook Ilbo Seung Myung Ho? Faculty Research Assistance Program of Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2020-0236), by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean govern-ment (MSIT) (No.2019R1G1A1008122) and by the Korean Association of Retinal Degeneration.
© Yonsei University College of Medicine 2021.
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