Objectives: This study sought to examine the impact of door-to-diuretic (D2D) time on mortality in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) who were presenting to an emergency department (ED). Background: Most patients with AHF present with congestion. Early decongestion with diuretic agents could improve their clinical outcomes. Methods: The Korea Acute Heart Failure registry enrolled 5,625 consecutive patients hospitalized for AHF. For this analysis, the study included patients who received intravenous diuretic agents within 24 h after ED arrival. Early and delayed groups were defined as D2D time ≤60 min and D2D time >60 min, respectively. The primary outcomes were in-hospital death and post-discharge death at 1 month and 1 year on the basis of D2D time. Results: A total of 2,761 patients met the inclusion criteria. The median D2D time was 128 min (interquartile range: 63 to 243 min), and 663 (24%) patients belonged to the early group. The baseline characteristics were similar between the groups. The rate of in-hospital death did not differ between the groups (5.0% vs. 5.1%; p > 0.999), nor did the post-discharge 1-month (4.0% vs. 3.0%; log-rank p = 0.246) and 1-year (20.6% vs. 19.3%; log-rank p = 0.458) mortality rates. Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure risk score was calculated for each patient. In multivariate analyses with adjustment for Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure risk score and other significant clinical covariates and propensity-matched analyses, D2D time was not associated with clinical outcomes. Conclusions: The D2D time was not associated with clinical outcomes in a large prospective cohort of patients with AHF who were presenting to an ED.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (grant nos. 2010-E63003-00, 2011-E63002-00, 2012-E63005-00, 2013-E63003-00, 2013-E63003-01, 2013-E63003-02, and 2016-ER6303-00) and by the SNUBH Research Fund (grant nos. 14-2015-029, 16-2017-003). All authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
© 2018 The Authors
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine