The Effect of School Dropout on Verbal Ability in Adulthood: A Propensity Score Matching Approach

Michael George Vaughn, Kevin M. Beaver, Jade Wexler, Matt DeLisi, Gregory J. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compared to high school graduates, adolescents who drop out of school are more likely to have a range of negative outcomes, including lower verbal capacities; however, the true nature of this association is not well-understood. Dropping out of school could have an important effect on reducing verbal skills, or the link between dropping out of school and diminished verbal skills could be a spurious association that is the result of unmeasured confounding variables. The current study tested these two competing perspectives by using propensity-score-matching (PSM) to unpack the association between school dropout and verbal skills among 7,317 respondents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (51% female, 49% male; 62% Caucasian, 38% minority). The results of the PSM models indicated a small yet meaningful statistically significant effect of dropout on verbal skills in adulthood even after taking into account a range of confounders. We conclude by discussing the implications of our results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-206
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Student Dropouts
Propensity Score
Aptitude
drop-out
dropping out of school
adulthood
ability
school
adolescent
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
school graduate
Caucasian
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
longitudinal study
minority
health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Vaughn, Michael George ; Beaver, Kevin M. ; Wexler, Jade ; DeLisi, Matt ; Roberts, Gregory J. / The Effect of School Dropout on Verbal Ability in Adulthood : A Propensity Score Matching Approach. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2011 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 197-206.
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The Effect of School Dropout on Verbal Ability in Adulthood : A Propensity Score Matching Approach. / Vaughn, Michael George; Beaver, Kevin M.; Wexler, Jade; DeLisi, Matt; Roberts, Gregory J.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 40, No. 2, 01.01.2011, p. 197-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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