The effect of temperature on the growth and properties of chemical vapor deposited ZrC films on SiC-coated graphite substrates

Jun Gyu Kim, Si Jung Park, Ji Yeon Park, Doo Jin Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SiC and ZrC are critical and essential materials in TRISO coated fuel particles since they act as protective layers against the diffusion of metallic and gaseous fission products and provide mechanical strength for the fuel particles. However, SiC and ZrC have critical disadvantages in that SiC loses its chemical integrity by thermal dissociation at high temperature and the mechanical properties of ZrC are weaker than those of SiC. In order to address these problems, we made new combinations of ZrC coating layers and deposited them on SiC using a chemical vapor deposition process. We varied the growth temperature to optimize the growth conditions and analyzed the changes of the microstructure, chemical composition, and mechanical properties of the ZrC films. The deposition temperature was varied from 1200 to 1500 °C and ZrC changed from a whisker structure to a film at a temperature of 1400 °C. The preferred orientation was changed from the (111) plane to (220) and the chemical composition became stoichiometric. Also, the hardness and elastic modulus of ZrC increased when it was deposited at a higher temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
JournalCeramics International
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Graphite
Vapors
Substrates
Coated fuel particles
Mechanical properties
Temperature
Fission products
Growth temperature
Chemical analysis
Strength of materials
Chemical vapor deposition
Elastic moduli
Hardness
Coatings
Microstructure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "The effect of temperature on the growth and properties of chemical vapor deposited ZrC films on SiC-coated graphite substrates",
abstract = "SiC and ZrC are critical and essential materials in TRISO coated fuel particles since they act as protective layers against the diffusion of metallic and gaseous fission products and provide mechanical strength for the fuel particles. However, SiC and ZrC have critical disadvantages in that SiC loses its chemical integrity by thermal dissociation at high temperature and the mechanical properties of ZrC are weaker than those of SiC. In order to address these problems, we made new combinations of ZrC coating layers and deposited them on SiC using a chemical vapor deposition process. We varied the growth temperature to optimize the growth conditions and analyzed the changes of the microstructure, chemical composition, and mechanical properties of the ZrC films. The deposition temperature was varied from 1200 to 1500 °C and ZrC changed from a whisker structure to a film at a temperature of 1400 °C. The preferred orientation was changed from the (111) plane to (220) and the chemical composition became stoichiometric. Also, the hardness and elastic modulus of ZrC increased when it was deposited at a higher temperature.",
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The effect of temperature on the growth and properties of chemical vapor deposited ZrC films on SiC-coated graphite substrates. / Kim, Jun Gyu; Park, Si Jung; Park, Ji Yeon; Choi, Doo Jin.

In: Ceramics International, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 211-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Park, Si Jung

AU - Park, Ji Yeon

AU - Choi, Doo Jin

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N2 - SiC and ZrC are critical and essential materials in TRISO coated fuel particles since they act as protective layers against the diffusion of metallic and gaseous fission products and provide mechanical strength for the fuel particles. However, SiC and ZrC have critical disadvantages in that SiC loses its chemical integrity by thermal dissociation at high temperature and the mechanical properties of ZrC are weaker than those of SiC. In order to address these problems, we made new combinations of ZrC coating layers and deposited them on SiC using a chemical vapor deposition process. We varied the growth temperature to optimize the growth conditions and analyzed the changes of the microstructure, chemical composition, and mechanical properties of the ZrC films. The deposition temperature was varied from 1200 to 1500 °C and ZrC changed from a whisker structure to a film at a temperature of 1400 °C. The preferred orientation was changed from the (111) plane to (220) and the chemical composition became stoichiometric. Also, the hardness and elastic modulus of ZrC increased when it was deposited at a higher temperature.

AB - SiC and ZrC are critical and essential materials in TRISO coated fuel particles since they act as protective layers against the diffusion of metallic and gaseous fission products and provide mechanical strength for the fuel particles. However, SiC and ZrC have critical disadvantages in that SiC loses its chemical integrity by thermal dissociation at high temperature and the mechanical properties of ZrC are weaker than those of SiC. In order to address these problems, we made new combinations of ZrC coating layers and deposited them on SiC using a chemical vapor deposition process. We varied the growth temperature to optimize the growth conditions and analyzed the changes of the microstructure, chemical composition, and mechanical properties of the ZrC films. The deposition temperature was varied from 1200 to 1500 °C and ZrC changed from a whisker structure to a film at a temperature of 1400 °C. The preferred orientation was changed from the (111) plane to (220) and the chemical composition became stoichiometric. Also, the hardness and elastic modulus of ZrC increased when it was deposited at a higher temperature.

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