We investigate the effects of aerosol optical depth (AOD), single scattering albedo (SSA), aerosol peak height (APH), measurement geometry (solar zenith angle (SZA) and viewing zenith angle (VZA)), relative azimuth angle, and surface reflectance on the accuracy of NO2 slant column density using synthetic radiance. High AOD and APH are found to decrease NO2 SCD retrieval accuracy. In moderately polluted (5 × 1015 molecules cm-2 < NO2 vertical column density (VCD) < 2 × 1016 molecules cm-2) and clean regions (NO2 VCD < 5 × 1015 molecules cm-2), the correlation coefficient (R) between true NO2 SCDs and those retrieved is 0.88 and 0.79, respectively, and AOD and APH are about 0.1 and is 0 km, respectively. However, when AOD and APH are about 1.0 and 4 km, respectively, the R decreases to 0.84 and 0.53 in moderately polluted and clean regions, respectively. On the other hand, in heavily polluted regions (NO2 VCD > 2 × 1016 molecules cm-2), even high AOD and APH values are found to have a negligible effect on NO2 SCD precision. In high AOD and APH conditions in clean NO2 regions, the R between true NO2 SCDs and those retrieved increases from 0.53 to 0.58 via co-adding four pixels spatially, showing the improvement in accuracy of NO2 SCD retrieval. In addition, the high SZA and VZA are also found to decrease the accuracy of the NO2 SCD retrieval.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments: Chul-Han Song and Kyunghwa Lee at Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST) provided the MOZART data. This subject is supported by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as “Public Technology Program based on Environmental Policy (2017000160001).
© 2017 by the authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)