The effects of an exercise program on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children

Yun Hee Lee, Young Whan Song, Hae Soon Kim, Sun Young Lee, Hee Seong Jeong, Sang Hoon Suh, Jin Kyoung Park, Jo Won Jung, Nam Su Kim, Chung Il Noh, Young Mi Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Obesity is a chronic disease that requires good eating habits and an active life style. Obesity may start in childhood and continue until adulthood. Severely obese children have complications such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and atherosclerosis. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of exercise programs on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children. Subjects and Methods: Fifty four obese children were included. Anthropometric data such as blood pressures, body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were measured. Blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), high sensitive-CRP (hs-CRP), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BaPWV) and ankle brachial index (ABI) were measured. Physical fitness measurements were done. Obese children were divided into three groups: an aerobic exercise group (n=16), a combined exercise group (n=20), and a control group (n=18). Obese children exercised in each program for 10 weeks while those in the control group maintained their former lifestyle. After 10 weeks, anthropometric data and cardiovascular parameters were compared with the data obtained before the exercise program. Results: LDL-C, waist circumference, and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the aerobic exercise group compared to the control group (p<0.05). Waist circumference and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the combined exercise group compared to controls (p<0.05). Physical fitness level increased significantly after the exercise programs (p<0.05 vs. control). PWV did not show a significant change after exercise. Conclusion: A short-term exercise program can play an important role in decreasing BMI, blood pressure, waist circumference, LDL-C and in improving physical fitness. Future investigations are now necessary to clarify the effectiveness of exercise on various parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-184
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 1

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Exercise
Blood Pressure
Physical Fitness
Waist Circumference
LDL Cholesterol
Obesity
Control Groups
Life Style
Body Mass Index
Ankle Brachial Index
Pulse Wave Analysis
Feeding Behavior
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Hypercholesterolemia
Alanine Transaminase
Ankle
HDL Cholesterol
Blood Glucose
Atherosclerosis
Triglycerides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Lee, Yun Hee ; Song, Young Whan ; Kim, Hae Soon ; Lee, Sun Young ; Jeong, Hee Seong ; Suh, Sang Hoon ; Park, Jin Kyoung ; Jung, Jo Won ; Kim, Nam Su ; Noh, Chung Il ; Hong, Young Mi. / The effects of an exercise program on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children. In: Korean Circulation Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 179-184.
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title = "The effects of an exercise program on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children",
abstract = "Background and Objectives: Obesity is a chronic disease that requires good eating habits and an active life style. Obesity may start in childhood and continue until adulthood. Severely obese children have complications such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and atherosclerosis. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of exercise programs on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children. Subjects and Methods: Fifty four obese children were included. Anthropometric data such as blood pressures, body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were measured. Blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), high sensitive-CRP (hs-CRP), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BaPWV) and ankle brachial index (ABI) were measured. Physical fitness measurements were done. Obese children were divided into three groups: an aerobic exercise group (n=16), a combined exercise group (n=20), and a control group (n=18). Obese children exercised in each program for 10 weeks while those in the control group maintained their former lifestyle. After 10 weeks, anthropometric data and cardiovascular parameters were compared with the data obtained before the exercise program. Results: LDL-C, waist circumference, and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the aerobic exercise group compared to the control group (p<0.05). Waist circumference and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the combined exercise group compared to controls (p<0.05). Physical fitness level increased significantly after the exercise programs (p<0.05 vs. control). PWV did not show a significant change after exercise. Conclusion: A short-term exercise program can play an important role in decreasing BMI, blood pressure, waist circumference, LDL-C and in improving physical fitness. Future investigations are now necessary to clarify the effectiveness of exercise on various parameters.",
author = "Lee, {Yun Hee} and Song, {Young Whan} and Kim, {Hae Soon} and Lee, {Sun Young} and Jeong, {Hee Seong} and Suh, {Sang Hoon} and Park, {Jin Kyoung} and Jung, {Jo Won} and Kim, {Nam Su} and Noh, {Chung Il} and Hong, {Young Mi}",
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Lee, YH, Song, YW, Kim, HS, Lee, SY, Jeong, HS, Suh, SH, Park, JK, Jung, JW, Kim, NS, Noh, CI & Hong, YM 2010, 'The effects of an exercise program on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children', Korean Circulation Journal, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 179-184. https://doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2010.40.4.179

The effects of an exercise program on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children. / Lee, Yun Hee; Song, Young Whan; Kim, Hae Soon; Lee, Sun Young; Jeong, Hee Seong; Suh, Sang Hoon; Park, Jin Kyoung; Jung, Jo Won; Kim, Nam Su; Noh, Chung Il; Hong, Young Mi.

In: Korean Circulation Journal, Vol. 40, No. 4, 01.04.2010, p. 179-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of an exercise program on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children

AU - Lee, Yun Hee

AU - Song, Young Whan

AU - Kim, Hae Soon

AU - Lee, Sun Young

AU - Jeong, Hee Seong

AU - Suh, Sang Hoon

AU - Park, Jin Kyoung

AU - Jung, Jo Won

AU - Kim, Nam Su

AU - Noh, Chung Il

AU - Hong, Young Mi

PY - 2010/4/1

Y1 - 2010/4/1

N2 - Background and Objectives: Obesity is a chronic disease that requires good eating habits and an active life style. Obesity may start in childhood and continue until adulthood. Severely obese children have complications such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and atherosclerosis. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of exercise programs on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children. Subjects and Methods: Fifty four obese children were included. Anthropometric data such as blood pressures, body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were measured. Blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), high sensitive-CRP (hs-CRP), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BaPWV) and ankle brachial index (ABI) were measured. Physical fitness measurements were done. Obese children were divided into three groups: an aerobic exercise group (n=16), a combined exercise group (n=20), and a control group (n=18). Obese children exercised in each program for 10 weeks while those in the control group maintained their former lifestyle. After 10 weeks, anthropometric data and cardiovascular parameters were compared with the data obtained before the exercise program. Results: LDL-C, waist circumference, and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the aerobic exercise group compared to the control group (p<0.05). Waist circumference and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the combined exercise group compared to controls (p<0.05). Physical fitness level increased significantly after the exercise programs (p<0.05 vs. control). PWV did not show a significant change after exercise. Conclusion: A short-term exercise program can play an important role in decreasing BMI, blood pressure, waist circumference, LDL-C and in improving physical fitness. Future investigations are now necessary to clarify the effectiveness of exercise on various parameters.

AB - Background and Objectives: Obesity is a chronic disease that requires good eating habits and an active life style. Obesity may start in childhood and continue until adulthood. Severely obese children have complications such as diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and atherosclerosis. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of exercise programs on anthropometric, metabolic, and cardiovascular parameters in obese children. Subjects and Methods: Fifty four obese children were included. Anthropometric data such as blood pressures, body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were measured. Blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), high sensitive-CRP (hs-CRP), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BaPWV) and ankle brachial index (ABI) were measured. Physical fitness measurements were done. Obese children were divided into three groups: an aerobic exercise group (n=16), a combined exercise group (n=20), and a control group (n=18). Obese children exercised in each program for 10 weeks while those in the control group maintained their former lifestyle. After 10 weeks, anthropometric data and cardiovascular parameters were compared with the data obtained before the exercise program. Results: LDL-C, waist circumference, and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the aerobic exercise group compared to the control group (p<0.05). Waist circumference and systolic blood pressure decreased significantly in the combined exercise group compared to controls (p<0.05). Physical fitness level increased significantly after the exercise programs (p<0.05 vs. control). PWV did not show a significant change after exercise. Conclusion: A short-term exercise program can play an important role in decreasing BMI, blood pressure, waist circumference, LDL-C and in improving physical fitness. Future investigations are now necessary to clarify the effectiveness of exercise on various parameters.

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