The effects of bronchoscope diameter on the diagnostic yield of transbronchial lung biopsy of peripheral pulmonary nodules

Nakwon Lee, Sang Ha Kim, Woocheol Kwon, Myoung Kyu Lee, Suk Joong Yong, Kye Chul Shin, Ye Ryung Jung, Yeun Seoung Choi, Jiwon Choi, Ji Sun Choi, Won Yeon Lee

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Abstract

Background: Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) is a valuable diagnostic tool for peripheral pulmonary lesions. The diagnostic yield of TBLB reportedly ranges from 41%-60%. Many studies demonstrated the various factors that influence the yield of TBLB, including size, location, and distance from the carina or pleura. However, no study has evaluated the effects of the bronchoscope diameter. We evaluated whether the bronchoscope diameter affected the diagnostic yield of TBLB. Methods: We reviewed records from 178 patients who underwent TBLB using bronchoscopes of two different diameters (5.7 mm, thick outer diameter, Olympus BF-200; 4.9 mm, thin, BF-260). The fluoroscopic guidance rates, yield of TBLB and flexible bronchoscopy (FB) were compared between the two groups. Additionally, we compared the results of the procedures with respect to diagnosis, distance from the pleura, and size of the lesion. Results: The results of fluoroscopic guidance, TBLB, and FB yield using thin diameter bronchoscope were significantly better than those obtained with a thick diameter bronchoscope (p=0.021, p=0.036, and p=0.010, respectively). Particularly, when the distance from the pleura was ≤ 10 mm, success rates for fluoroscopic guidance and FB with thin bronchoscope were higher (p=0.013 and p=0.033, respectively), as compared to with thick bronchoscope. Conclusion: A thinner diameter bronchoscope increased the yield of bronchoscopy, and bronchial washing in conjunction with TBLB was useful in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary nodules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-257
Number of pages7
JournalTuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Lee, N., Kim, S. H., Kwon, W., Lee, M. K., Yong, S. J., Shin, K. C., Jung, Y. R., Choi, Y. S., Choi, J., Choi, J. S., & Lee, W. Y. (2014). The effects of bronchoscope diameter on the diagnostic yield of transbronchial lung biopsy of peripheral pulmonary nodules. Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, 77(6), 251-257. https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2014.77.6.251