The effects of childhood abuse on self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness: Mediating effects of posttraumatic stress symptoms

Ji Young Choi, Young Min Choi, Bongseog Kim, Dong Woo Lee, Min Sook Gim, Soo Hyun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined the role of posttraumatic stress symptoms in the relationship between childhood abuse and self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness. A total of 126 patients diagnosed with major psychiatric conditions with comorbid symptoms of psychosis participated in the present study. The representative psychiatric diagnoses included schizophrenia, bipolar disorder with psychotic features, major depressive disorder with psychotic features, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and delusional disorder. The Korean Child Trauma Questionnaire measured the type and degree of childhood abuse including emotional, physical, and sexual abuse. Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised assessed posttraumatic stress symptoms, and PSYC subscale of the PSY-5 Factor Scale of the MMPI-2 was used as a measure of self-reported psychotic symptoms. There was a significant relationship between childhood physical, emotional, sexual abuse and psychotic symptoms. Posttraumatic stress symptoms partially mediated the relationship between childhood abuse and psychotic symptoms. This implies that childhood abuse is significantly associated with the experience of chronic posttraumatic stress symptoms, and that such symptoms in turn increases the likelihood of experiencing psychotic symptoms. The results highlight the need for appropriate assessment and intervention concerning childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress symptoms in severe mental illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-393
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume229
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 30

Fingerprint

Psychotic Disorders
Sex Offenses
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Paranoid Schizophrenia
MMPI
Needs Assessment
Major Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Mental Disorders
Psychiatry
Wounds and Injuries
Physical Abuse
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Choi, Ji Young ; Choi, Young Min ; Kim, Bongseog ; Lee, Dong Woo ; Gim, Min Sook ; Park, Soo Hyun. / The effects of childhood abuse on self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness : Mediating effects of posttraumatic stress symptoms. In: Psychiatry Research. 2015 ; Vol. 229, No. 1-2. pp. 389-393.
@article{1f79384af39347ae8bca169f1f95e454,
title = "The effects of childhood abuse on self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness: Mediating effects of posttraumatic stress symptoms",
abstract = "The present study examined the role of posttraumatic stress symptoms in the relationship between childhood abuse and self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness. A total of 126 patients diagnosed with major psychiatric conditions with comorbid symptoms of psychosis participated in the present study. The representative psychiatric diagnoses included schizophrenia, bipolar disorder with psychotic features, major depressive disorder with psychotic features, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and delusional disorder. The Korean Child Trauma Questionnaire measured the type and degree of childhood abuse including emotional, physical, and sexual abuse. Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised assessed posttraumatic stress symptoms, and PSYC subscale of the PSY-5 Factor Scale of the MMPI-2 was used as a measure of self-reported psychotic symptoms. There was a significant relationship between childhood physical, emotional, sexual abuse and psychotic symptoms. Posttraumatic stress symptoms partially mediated the relationship between childhood abuse and psychotic symptoms. This implies that childhood abuse is significantly associated with the experience of chronic posttraumatic stress symptoms, and that such symptoms in turn increases the likelihood of experiencing psychotic symptoms. The results highlight the need for appropriate assessment and intervention concerning childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress symptoms in severe mental illness.",
author = "Choi, {Ji Young} and Choi, {Young Min} and Bongseog Kim and Lee, {Dong Woo} and Gim, {Min Sook} and Park, {Soo Hyun}",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.112",
language = "English",
volume = "229",
pages = "389--393",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "1-2",

}

The effects of childhood abuse on self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness : Mediating effects of posttraumatic stress symptoms. / Choi, Ji Young; Choi, Young Min; Kim, Bongseog; Lee, Dong Woo; Gim, Min Sook; Park, Soo Hyun.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 229, No. 1-2, 30.09.2015, p. 389-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of childhood abuse on self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness

T2 - Mediating effects of posttraumatic stress symptoms

AU - Choi, Ji Young

AU - Choi, Young Min

AU - Kim, Bongseog

AU - Lee, Dong Woo

AU - Gim, Min Sook

AU - Park, Soo Hyun

PY - 2015/9/30

Y1 - 2015/9/30

N2 - The present study examined the role of posttraumatic stress symptoms in the relationship between childhood abuse and self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness. A total of 126 patients diagnosed with major psychiatric conditions with comorbid symptoms of psychosis participated in the present study. The representative psychiatric diagnoses included schizophrenia, bipolar disorder with psychotic features, major depressive disorder with psychotic features, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and delusional disorder. The Korean Child Trauma Questionnaire measured the type and degree of childhood abuse including emotional, physical, and sexual abuse. Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised assessed posttraumatic stress symptoms, and PSYC subscale of the PSY-5 Factor Scale of the MMPI-2 was used as a measure of self-reported psychotic symptoms. There was a significant relationship between childhood physical, emotional, sexual abuse and psychotic symptoms. Posttraumatic stress symptoms partially mediated the relationship between childhood abuse and psychotic symptoms. This implies that childhood abuse is significantly associated with the experience of chronic posttraumatic stress symptoms, and that such symptoms in turn increases the likelihood of experiencing psychotic symptoms. The results highlight the need for appropriate assessment and intervention concerning childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress symptoms in severe mental illness.

AB - The present study examined the role of posttraumatic stress symptoms in the relationship between childhood abuse and self-reported psychotic symptoms in severe mental illness. A total of 126 patients diagnosed with major psychiatric conditions with comorbid symptoms of psychosis participated in the present study. The representative psychiatric diagnoses included schizophrenia, bipolar disorder with psychotic features, major depressive disorder with psychotic features, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and delusional disorder. The Korean Child Trauma Questionnaire measured the type and degree of childhood abuse including emotional, physical, and sexual abuse. Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised assessed posttraumatic stress symptoms, and PSYC subscale of the PSY-5 Factor Scale of the MMPI-2 was used as a measure of self-reported psychotic symptoms. There was a significant relationship between childhood physical, emotional, sexual abuse and psychotic symptoms. Posttraumatic stress symptoms partially mediated the relationship between childhood abuse and psychotic symptoms. This implies that childhood abuse is significantly associated with the experience of chronic posttraumatic stress symptoms, and that such symptoms in turn increases the likelihood of experiencing psychotic symptoms. The results highlight the need for appropriate assessment and intervention concerning childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress symptoms in severe mental illness.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939464624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939464624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.112

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.112

M3 - Article

C2 - 26144585

AN - SCOPUS:84939464624

VL - 229

SP - 389

EP - 393

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 1-2

ER -