The effects of hydrogen on the efficiency of NOx reduction via hydrocarbon-selective catalytic reduction (HC-SCR) at low temperature using various reductants

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Abstract

Hydrocarbon-selective catalytic reduction (HC-SCR) is a deNOx system for diesel engines, which uses onboard fuel as the reductant to simplify the system. However, HC-SCR is relatively inefficient at reducing NOx, especially at low temperatures. Here we investigate improvements in the efficiency resulting from the addition of hydrogen. We investigated the effects of adding hydrogen on the efficiency of NOx reduction via HC-SCR using various reductants. Tests were carried out using both laboratory experiments and an engine test-bench at temperatures below 315 °C, with a 2.5 wt.% high-dispersion Ag/Al2O3 catalyst. The hydrogen was introduced to maximize the efficiency of NOx reduction at low temperatures (245-315 °C). In the laboratory tests, propene, heptane, and dodecane were used as reductants to determine the effects of different chain lengths and chemical structures. The effects of hydrogen addition on the gas-phase reaction of HC-SCR were also examined. The efficiency of NOx reduction increased significantly following the addition of hydrogen. In particular, the effects of hydrogen addition were significantly influenced by characteristics of the fuel, including the chain length and the structure, and longer chains and a higher degree of saturation were found to be advantageous. Engine tests were carried out to verify the effects of longer hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen; we found a maximum NOx reduction efficiency of 79% at 315 °C and 74% at 245 °C using diesel fuel as a reductant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9602-9610
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume40
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 10

Fingerprint

Selective catalytic reduction
hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons
Hydrogen
hydrogen
engine tests
Temperature
Chain length
Engines
diesel fuels
diesel engines
Heptane
heptanes
Diesel fuels
seats
Propylene
Diesel engines
vapor phases
saturation
catalysts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "The effects of hydrogen on the efficiency of NOx reduction via hydrocarbon-selective catalytic reduction (HC-SCR) at low temperature using various reductants",
abstract = "Hydrocarbon-selective catalytic reduction (HC-SCR) is a deNOx system for diesel engines, which uses onboard fuel as the reductant to simplify the system. However, HC-SCR is relatively inefficient at reducing NOx, especially at low temperatures. Here we investigate improvements in the efficiency resulting from the addition of hydrogen. We investigated the effects of adding hydrogen on the efficiency of NOx reduction via HC-SCR using various reductants. Tests were carried out using both laboratory experiments and an engine test-bench at temperatures below 315 °C, with a 2.5 wt.{\%} high-dispersion Ag/Al2O3 catalyst. The hydrogen was introduced to maximize the efficiency of NOx reduction at low temperatures (245-315 °C). In the laboratory tests, propene, heptane, and dodecane were used as reductants to determine the effects of different chain lengths and chemical structures. The effects of hydrogen addition on the gas-phase reaction of HC-SCR were also examined. The efficiency of NOx reduction increased significantly following the addition of hydrogen. In particular, the effects of hydrogen addition were significantly influenced by characteristics of the fuel, including the chain length and the structure, and longer chains and a higher degree of saturation were found to be advantageous. Engine tests were carried out to verify the effects of longer hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen; we found a maximum NOx reduction efficiency of 79{\%} at 315 °C and 74{\%} at 245 °C using diesel fuel as a reductant.",
author = "Hyerim Gu and Chun, {Kwang Min} and Soonho Song",
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AB - Hydrocarbon-selective catalytic reduction (HC-SCR) is a deNOx system for diesel engines, which uses onboard fuel as the reductant to simplify the system. However, HC-SCR is relatively inefficient at reducing NOx, especially at low temperatures. Here we investigate improvements in the efficiency resulting from the addition of hydrogen. We investigated the effects of adding hydrogen on the efficiency of NOx reduction via HC-SCR using various reductants. Tests were carried out using both laboratory experiments and an engine test-bench at temperatures below 315 °C, with a 2.5 wt.% high-dispersion Ag/Al2O3 catalyst. The hydrogen was introduced to maximize the efficiency of NOx reduction at low temperatures (245-315 °C). In the laboratory tests, propene, heptane, and dodecane were used as reductants to determine the effects of different chain lengths and chemical structures. The effects of hydrogen addition on the gas-phase reaction of HC-SCR were also examined. The efficiency of NOx reduction increased significantly following the addition of hydrogen. In particular, the effects of hydrogen addition were significantly influenced by characteristics of the fuel, including the chain length and the structure, and longer chains and a higher degree of saturation were found to be advantageous. Engine tests were carried out to verify the effects of longer hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen; we found a maximum NOx reduction efficiency of 79% at 315 °C and 74% at 245 °C using diesel fuel as a reductant.

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