The effects of the multi-cyclic cold rolling and annealing process on the grain refinement and tensile properties of a metastable austenitic steel were investigated. The multi-cyclic thermo-mechanical process yielded the bimodal ultrafine-grained structure through both the reverse transformation and recrystallization during annealing. The kinetics and temperatures of the reverse transformation were related to the average size of coarse grains. Not only yield and tensile strengths but also ductility of the bimodal-grained structure increased with the number of thermo-mechanical cycles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry