The effects of patient education on patient safety: Can we change patient perceptions and attitudes?: Lessons from the armed forces capital hospital in Korea

Jinok An, Seung Ju Kim, Sohee Park, Ki Tae Moon, Eun Cheol Park

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Strategies to promote patient involvement in medical error prevention have been implemented, but little is known about the effects of education on changes in perceptions and attitudes about patients' own safety. Design: We administered a survey to military personnel admitted to the Armed Forces Capital Hospital. Responses were classified according to perception and attitude. Setting: Single military hospital in Korea. Participants: A total of 483 completed surveys were included in our study; 252 of the respondents received safety education at admission. Methods: We provided educational program material to one-half of the patients at admission (intervention group). The other one-half of patients received no safety education (non-intervention group). We then performed two rounds of a self-administered survey, based on whether the patient received patient safety education. Cronbach's alpha was calculated to determine scale score reliability. Regression analysis was used to evaluate associations between education and change in scores. Results: Scores for perception and attitude were greater in the intervention group. The results of the regression analysis revealed that compared with the non-intervention respondents, the respondents who received education had higher perception (estimate: 7.809, P < 0.0001) and attitude scores (estimate: 5.539, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Our study results suggested that patient education was associated with higher scores in both perception and attitudes about safety. To improve patient engagement in this area, efficient methods that encourage patient empowerment should be developed. Specialized health care providers who provide patient level education are needed to achieve a satisfactory patient safety climate.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbermzx037
Pages (from-to)392-398
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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