The stacking-fault energy (SFE), dislocation slip, mechanical twinning, strain hardening, and yield and tensile strengths were systemically investigated in Fe-18Mn-0.6C-1.5Si twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel. The results were also compared with those for Fe-18Mn-0.6C and Fe-18Mn-0.6C-1.5Al TWIP steels. The SFE decreased by 4 mJ m-2 per 1 wt.% Si. The addition of Si increased both the yield strength, due mainly to solid solution hardening, and the tensile strength, owing to the high strain hardening that occurred while maintaining a large elongation of over 60%. To examine this high strain hardening, especially at low strains, the volume fractions of the primary and secondary mechanical twins were quantitatively evaluated by combining the merits of electron backscattered diffractometry and transmission electron microscopy. The volume fractions of both the primary and secondary twins were the highest in the Fe-18Mn-0.6C-1.5Si TWIP steel, which had the lowest SFE of the three TWIP steels. In particular, the volume fraction of the secondary mechanical twins increased rapidly with the addition of Si. The contributions of dislocation storage, mechanical twinning and dynamic strain aging (DSA) to the strain hardening were also quantitatively evaluated in the three TWIP steels. The Si-added TWIP steel had the highest strain hardening, due mainly to the active primary and secondary twinning, and experienced negligible DSA. In contrast, the Al-added TWIP steel exhibited the lowest strain hardening due to the reductions in both the mechanical twinning and DSA.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful for a grant from the Fundamental R&D Program for Core Technology of Materials funded by the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy of the Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys