Background and Objectives: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a non-thermal focal therapy that utilizes high voltage electric pulses to permanently rupture the cellular membrane and induce cell death. In this multi-center study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of IRE in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Methods: From 2012 to 2015, we performed laparotomic and laparoscopic IRE in a total of 70 patients with stage III LAPC. Either gemcitabine-based or TS-1 (Tegafur, Gimeracil, and Oteracil) chemotherapy was applied for at least 3 months before the IRE. Results: No IRE-related deaths occurred. A median follow-up of 28.1 months showed that six patients (8.6%) experienced local recurrence and 24 (34%) experienced distant progression. The overall median survival from the time of treatment was 22.6 months, and the progression-free survival (PFS) was 15.4 months. The overall survival in the patients who used gemcitabine-based reagents was 19.1 months and that of those who used TS-1 was 28.7 months. The PFS for these two groups were 13.2 months and 26.4 months; the difference is significant. Conclusions: Our study suggests that IRE is safe and effective for the control of LAPC. We surmise that the addition of IRE to a chemotherapy regimen may provide a survival advantage.
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