The facial artery

A Comprehensive Anatomical Review

Hyung Jin Lee, Seong Yoon Won, O. Jehoon, Kyung-Seok Hu, Seo Young Mun, Hun Mu Yang, Heejin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The facial artery is the major vessel supplying blood to the face so its location and course are very important for the safe manipulation of both surgical and non-surgical interventions. This study documents current anatomical information about the facial artery and its tributaries. The terminology of the facial artery tributaries was revisited with reference to the Terminologica Anatomica and novel nomenclature was suggested with anatomical features. The tributaries to the lower lip (inferior labial artery), labiomental region (horizontal and vertical labiomental artery), upper lip (superior labial artery), nose (inferior and lateral alar artery and nasal septal artery), angular and ocular region (angular artery and detoured branch) and the course, layers and location of the facial artery main trunk were revisited with contemporary anatomical studies. The facial artery and its tributaries have close topographical connections to the facial expression muscles, nasolabial groove, and vermilion border, and these also distinguish facial landmarks comprising the cheilion, stomion, and gonion. Interestingly, in contrast to previous descriptions, some terminal branches did not take a straight course but a detoured course. The angular artery was connected to the ophthalmic artery branches and in some cases did not originate from the facial artery. Vascular complications of the facial artery tributaries are frequently seen in the angular, dorsum of the nose, tip of the nose, and glabellar region. This detailed review focusing on facial arterial topography in the various areas of the face would help to enhance quality of treatment. Clin. Anat. 31:99–108, 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Arteries
Lip
Nose
Terminology
Blood Vessels
Facial Muscles
Ophthalmic Artery
Facial Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Lee, H. J., Won, S. Y., Jehoon, O., Hu, K-S., Mun, S. Y., Yang, H. M., & Kim, H. (2018). The facial artery: A Comprehensive Anatomical Review. Clinical Anatomy, 31(1), 99-108. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23007
Lee, Hyung Jin ; Won, Seong Yoon ; Jehoon, O. ; Hu, Kyung-Seok ; Mun, Seo Young ; Yang, Hun Mu ; Kim, Heejin. / The facial artery : A Comprehensive Anatomical Review. In: Clinical Anatomy. 2018 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 99-108.
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Lee, HJ, Won, SY, Jehoon, O, Hu, K-S, Mun, SY, Yang, HM & Kim, H 2018, 'The facial artery: A Comprehensive Anatomical Review', Clinical Anatomy, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 99-108. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23007

The facial artery : A Comprehensive Anatomical Review. / Lee, Hyung Jin; Won, Seong Yoon; Jehoon, O.; Hu, Kyung-Seok; Mun, Seo Young; Yang, Hun Mu; Kim, Heejin.

In: Clinical Anatomy, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 99-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Lee HJ, Won SY, Jehoon O, Hu K-S, Mun SY, Yang HM et al. The facial artery: A Comprehensive Anatomical Review. Clinical Anatomy. 2018 Jan 1;31(1):99-108. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23007