The Future of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Dong Hwa Heo, Yoon Ha, Seung Yi, Hungtae Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is an important option for spinal operations, with advantages including rapid recovery and preservation of normal structures. As the number of geriatric patients is increasing, the role of MISS might expand in the future. MISS techniques and approaches continue to be developed, and recent trends in MISS development include the refinement of surgical approaches and techniques, as well as systems related to newly developed techniques, rather than spinal implants. Among the various techniques for MISS, endoscopic spine surgery, including uniportal and biportal endoscopic approaches, is the focus of vigorous research efforts that may lead to further expansion of the indications of endoscopic spine surgery. Endoscopic spine surgery will be an important part of spine surgery. Lateral lumbar interbody fusion and endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion may play meaningful roles in the MISS fusion area. Robotics and augmented reality are also likely to be important technological modalities in spine surgery in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S104-S107
JournalNeurology India
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Neurology India, Neurological Society of India.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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