Recurrent episodes of liver injury may either waste hepatic reserve or induce tolerance to further injury. We aimed to investigate whether the previous acute decompensation (AD) in liver cirrhosis (LC) affects the long-term transplant-free survival of patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH). The survival data of 894 alcoholic LC cohort who had been admitted with acute deterioration in 21 academic hospitals in Korea were prospectively followed up. Enrolled patients were divided into three groups: Group one, without AH; group two, with nonsevere AH; and group three, with severe AH. Although the baseline liver function was not different between the groups with or without previous AD, it was a significant predictor of poor long-term outcomes. The presence of previous AD negatively affected long-term overall survival (HR 1.62, 95% C.I. 1.20–2.18, p = 0.002) in groups one and two as a whole, independent of the Model for End-stage Liver Disease score. The three-month conditional survival was significantly worse in group three for up to 12 months in the presence of previous AD (p < 0.05). We concluded that not only the severity of AH, but also the prior AD is an important predictor of long-term outcomes in alcoholic LC patients with acute deterioration.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Oct|
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© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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