The impact of robotic surgery for mid and low rectal cancer: A case-matched analysis of a 3-arm comparison - Open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery

Jeonghyun Kang, Kyu Jong Yoon, Byung Soh Min, Hyuk Hur, Seung Hyuk Baik, Namkyu Kim, Kang Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to clarify the impact of robotic surgery (RS) in the management of mid and low rectal cancer in comparison with open surgery (OS) and laparoscopic surgery (LS). BACKGROUND: The benefits of RS in the treatment of rectal cancer have not yet been clearly described. METHODS: Using propensity scores for adjustment of sex, age, body mass index, tumor stage, and tumor height, a well-balanced cohort with 165 patients in each group, was created by matching each patient who underwent RS as the study group with one who underwent OS or LS as the control group (RS:OS = 1:1, RS:LS = 1:1 match). Pathological results, morbidity, perioperative recovery, and short-term oncological results were compared between the 3 groups. RESULTS: In RS and LS, the time to first flatus and resumed soft diet and length of hospital stay were significantly shortened compared with OS. Robotic surgery showed better recovery outcomes than LS with regard to time to resumed soft diet and length of hospital stay. The visual analog scale was significantly lower in the RS than in the OS and LS from postoperative days 1 to 5. The voiding problem and circumferential resection margin involvement rate were significantly lower in the RS group than in the OS group. No significant difference in 2-year disease-free survival was observed among the 3 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic surgery may be an effective tool in the effort to maximize the advantages of minimally invasive surgery in the management of mid to low rectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume257
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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Robotics
Rectal Neoplasms
Laparoscopy
Length of Stay
Diet
Flatulence
Propensity Score
Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
Visual Analog Scale
Disease-Free Survival

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

Kang, Jeonghyun ; Yoon, Kyu Jong ; Min, Byung Soh ; Hur, Hyuk ; Baik, Seung Hyuk ; Kim, Namkyu ; Lee, Kang Young. / The impact of robotic surgery for mid and low rectal cancer : A case-matched analysis of a 3-arm comparison - Open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery. In: Annals of Surgery. 2013 ; Vol. 257, No. 1. pp. 95-101.
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The impact of robotic surgery for mid and low rectal cancer : A case-matched analysis of a 3-arm comparison - Open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery. / Kang, Jeonghyun; Yoon, Kyu Jong; Min, Byung Soh; Hur, Hyuk; Baik, Seung Hyuk; Kim, Namkyu; Lee, Kang Young.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 257, No. 1, 01.01.2013, p. 95-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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