The incidence of non-cardiac surgery in patients treated with drug-eluting stents according to age

Oh Hyun Lee, Sung Jin Hong, Chul Min Ahn, Jung Sun Kim, Byeong Keuk Kim, Young Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Yangsoo Jang, Myeong Ki Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. The impact of age on the incidence and timing of non-cardiac surgery after coronary stent implantation is unknown. We evaluated the incidence and timing of non-cardiac surgery after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation according to patient age. Methods. A total of 37,915 consecutive patients treated by DES implantation between February 2003 and April 2014 were included in this study. The number of patients who underwent non-cardiac surgery were as follows: 4263 (11.2%) within 1 year, 5357 (14.1%) within 2 years, and 6311 (16.6%) within 3 years of DES implantation. Patients were divided into four groups according to age: <50 years (n = 5785), between 50 and 59 years (n = 9639), between 60 and 69 years (n = 13,566), and between 70 and 79 years (n = 8925). Results. The rates of non-cardiac surgery within 1 year among patients aged <50 years, 50-59 years, 60-69 years, and 70-79 years were 8.0% (461/5785), 8.9% (855/9639), 12.1% (1636/13,566), and 14.7% (1311/8925), respectively (P-value for trend <.01). The cut-off age at which non-cardiac surgery was more likely to occur within 1 year of DES implantation was 62 years. The rate of non-cardiac surgery within 3 years of DES implantation reached a peak among patients who were 73 years old (23.9%). Conclusions. Non-cardiac surgery with requests for cessation of dual-antiplatelet treatment was frequently performed in patients ≥62 years old who were treated with DES implantation in a real-world clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E9-E14
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume31
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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