The influence of the structural properties of carbon on the oxygen reduction reaction of nitrogen modified carbon based catalysts

Hyung Suk Oh, Jong Gil Oh, Woong Hee Lee, Hyun Jong Kim, Hansung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrogen modified carbon based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) were synthesized using three different types of carbon, carbon black (CB), carbon nanotube (CNT) and platelet carbon nanofiber (P-CNF) with nitrogen containing organic precursors. The relationship between the ORR activity and the carbon nanostructure was explored using various electrochemical and physical characterization methods. It was found that the ORR activity was affected by the type and content of the nitrogen functional group instead of the carbon surface area. The formation of nitrogen functional group, in turn, strongly depends on the carbon nanostructure. Unlike the basal plane, the edge plane exposure provides the appropriate geometry for the nitrogen incorporation into carbon structure, resulting in high nitrogen content and high pyridinic-N and graphitic-N content, providing an active site for ORR. Therefore, the P-CNF based catalyst with the highest edge plane exposure has the highest ORR activity despite having the smallest surface area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8181-8186
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Structural properties
Nitrogen
nitrogen
catalysts
Catalysts
Carbon
Oxygen
carbon
oxygen
Carbon nanofibers
Platelets
Functional groups
Nanostructures
platelets
Carbon black
Carbon nanotubes
Geometry
carbon nanotubes
geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "Nitrogen modified carbon based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) were synthesized using three different types of carbon, carbon black (CB), carbon nanotube (CNT) and platelet carbon nanofiber (P-CNF) with nitrogen containing organic precursors. The relationship between the ORR activity and the carbon nanostructure was explored using various electrochemical and physical characterization methods. It was found that the ORR activity was affected by the type and content of the nitrogen functional group instead of the carbon surface area. The formation of nitrogen functional group, in turn, strongly depends on the carbon nanostructure. Unlike the basal plane, the edge plane exposure provides the appropriate geometry for the nitrogen incorporation into carbon structure, resulting in high nitrogen content and high pyridinic-N and graphitic-N content, providing an active site for ORR. Therefore, the P-CNF based catalyst with the highest edge plane exposure has the highest ORR activity despite having the smallest surface area.",
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The influence of the structural properties of carbon on the oxygen reduction reaction of nitrogen modified carbon based catalysts. / Oh, Hyung Suk; Oh, Jong Gil; Lee, Woong Hee; Kim, Hyun Jong; Kim, Hansung.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 36, No. 14, 01.07.2011, p. 8181-8186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Nitrogen modified carbon based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) were synthesized using three different types of carbon, carbon black (CB), carbon nanotube (CNT) and platelet carbon nanofiber (P-CNF) with nitrogen containing organic precursors. The relationship between the ORR activity and the carbon nanostructure was explored using various electrochemical and physical characterization methods. It was found that the ORR activity was affected by the type and content of the nitrogen functional group instead of the carbon surface area. The formation of nitrogen functional group, in turn, strongly depends on the carbon nanostructure. Unlike the basal plane, the edge plane exposure provides the appropriate geometry for the nitrogen incorporation into carbon structure, resulting in high nitrogen content and high pyridinic-N and graphitic-N content, providing an active site for ORR. Therefore, the P-CNF based catalyst with the highest edge plane exposure has the highest ORR activity despite having the smallest surface area.

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