The influences of β-glucan associated with BMP-7 on MC3T3-E1 proliferation and osteogenic differentiation

D. H. Lee, D. W. Han, B. J. Park, H. S. Baek, K. Takatori, M. Aihara, K. Tsubaki, J. C. Park

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Abstract

β-glucan, an immunomodulator, can selectively enhance the immunobiological activities of neutrophils and macrophages without stimulating proinflammatory cytokine production. Biologic response modifiers, like beta-glucan, will modulate immunity, modify neoplastic disease and increase resistance to microbial challenge. Therefore, beta-glucan polymers can be applied in bone induction and regeneration model and have a possibility of association with bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) because of tissue-regenerative and antimicrobial effects of those polymers. In this report, we studied an E. coli expression system for BMP-7 production and the biological activities of β-glucan associated with BMP-7. The proliferation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells was enhanced by treatment with Aureobasidium β-glucan, while neither mushroom β-glucan nor barley β-glucan increased the cell proliferation. Mushroom β-glucan alone or associated with BMP-7 increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of MC3T3-E1 cells, one of the osteoblast phenotype markers, but the other β-glucans did not affect ALP activity of the cells. In mineralization assay, a highly significant increase in nodular staining was observed in cultures treated with both mushroom and Aureobasidium β-glucans in the presence of BMP-7 compared with nontreated controls, while barley β-glucan showed a significant decrease in nodule number compared with cultures treated only with BMP-7.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-244
Number of pages4
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Volume288-289
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Lee, D. H., Han, D. W., Park, B. J., Baek, H. S., Takatori, K., Aihara, M., Tsubaki, K., & Park, J. C. (2005). The influences of β-glucan associated with BMP-7 on MC3T3-E1 proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. Key Engineering Materials, 288-289, 241-244.