The Influences of Visceral Fat Area on the Sites of Esophageal Mucosal Breaks in Subjects with Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases

Ji Hyung Nam, Eirie Cho, Jeung Sook Kim, Euncheol Park, Jae Hak Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Central obesity is suggested as a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influences of a visceral fat area on the site of mucosal breaks in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Methods. Subjects who underwent abdomen-computerized tomography and esophagogastroduodenoscopy for screening on the same day were evaluated between 2007 and 2016. We enrolled 178 subjects who had erosive esophagitis (LA classifications A-D). Abdominal obesity was evaluated by measuring visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), VAT-to-SAT ratio, total adipose tissue (TAT), body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). Results. The lesser curvature (LC) of EGJ was the most frequent site of mucosal breaks (104 cases, 58.4%). BMI, WC, VAT, the VAT-to-SAT ratio, and TAT were higher in the LC group. In multivariate analysis, higher VAT (odds ratio (OR) 2.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18 to 7.13, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.021; OR 3.63, 95% CI 1.44 to 9.10, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.006) and the VAT/SAT ratio (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.11 to 7.61, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.03; OR 3.02, 95% CI 1.17 to 7.83, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.023) were significantly associated with mucosal breaks in the LC group. However, BMI, WC, and TAT were not significant in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion. The VAT and the VAT/SAT ratio were significantly associated with the mucosal breaks in the LC of EGJ. Visceral obesity could influence the location of the mucosal breaks on EGJ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9672861
JournalGastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Intra-Abdominal Fat
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Subcutaneous Fat
Esophagogastric Junction
Abdominal Obesity
Waist Circumference
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Adipose Tissue
Body Mass Index
Multivariate Analysis
Digestive System Endoscopy
Esophagitis
Abdomen
Tomography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

@article{cf864186013b45a08f893e94ea339597,
title = "The Influences of Visceral Fat Area on the Sites of Esophageal Mucosal Breaks in Subjects with Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases",
abstract = "Background. Central obesity is suggested as a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influences of a visceral fat area on the site of mucosal breaks in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Methods. Subjects who underwent abdomen-computerized tomography and esophagogastroduodenoscopy for screening on the same day were evaluated between 2007 and 2016. We enrolled 178 subjects who had erosive esophagitis (LA classifications A-D). Abdominal obesity was evaluated by measuring visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), VAT-to-SAT ratio, total adipose tissue (TAT), body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). Results. The lesser curvature (LC) of EGJ was the most frequent site of mucosal breaks (104 cases, 58.4{\%}). BMI, WC, VAT, the VAT-to-SAT ratio, and TAT were higher in the LC group. In multivariate analysis, higher VAT (odds ratio (OR) 2.90, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 1.18 to 7.13, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.021; OR 3.63, 95{\%} CI 1.44 to 9.10, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.006) and the VAT/SAT ratio (OR 2.91, 95{\%} CI 1.11 to 7.61, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.03; OR 3.02, 95{\%} CI 1.17 to 7.83, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.023) were significantly associated with mucosal breaks in the LC group. However, BMI, WC, and TAT were not significant in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion. The VAT and the VAT/SAT ratio were significantly associated with the mucosal breaks in the LC of EGJ. Visceral obesity could influence the location of the mucosal breaks on EGJ.",
author = "Nam, {Ji Hyung} and Eirie Cho and Kim, {Jeung Sook} and Euncheol Park and Kim, {Jae Hak}",
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doi = "10.1155/2019/9672861",
language = "English",
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issn = "1687-6121",
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The Influences of Visceral Fat Area on the Sites of Esophageal Mucosal Breaks in Subjects with Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases. / Nam, Ji Hyung; Cho, Eirie; Kim, Jeung Sook; Park, Euncheol; Kim, Jae Hak.

In: Gastroenterology Research and Practice, Vol. 2019, 9672861, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Influences of Visceral Fat Area on the Sites of Esophageal Mucosal Breaks in Subjects with Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases

AU - Nam, Ji Hyung

AU - Cho, Eirie

AU - Kim, Jeung Sook

AU - Park, Euncheol

AU - Kim, Jae Hak

PY - 2019/1/1

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N2 - Background. Central obesity is suggested as a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influences of a visceral fat area on the site of mucosal breaks in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Methods. Subjects who underwent abdomen-computerized tomography and esophagogastroduodenoscopy for screening on the same day were evaluated between 2007 and 2016. We enrolled 178 subjects who had erosive esophagitis (LA classifications A-D). Abdominal obesity was evaluated by measuring visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), VAT-to-SAT ratio, total adipose tissue (TAT), body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). Results. The lesser curvature (LC) of EGJ was the most frequent site of mucosal breaks (104 cases, 58.4%). BMI, WC, VAT, the VAT-to-SAT ratio, and TAT were higher in the LC group. In multivariate analysis, higher VAT (odds ratio (OR) 2.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18 to 7.13, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.021; OR 3.63, 95% CI 1.44 to 9.10, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.006) and the VAT/SAT ratio (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.11 to 7.61, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.03; OR 3.02, 95% CI 1.17 to 7.83, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.023) were significantly associated with mucosal breaks in the LC group. However, BMI, WC, and TAT were not significant in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion. The VAT and the VAT/SAT ratio were significantly associated with the mucosal breaks in the LC of EGJ. Visceral obesity could influence the location of the mucosal breaks on EGJ.

AB - Background. Central obesity is suggested as a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influences of a visceral fat area on the site of mucosal breaks in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Methods. Subjects who underwent abdomen-computerized tomography and esophagogastroduodenoscopy for screening on the same day were evaluated between 2007 and 2016. We enrolled 178 subjects who had erosive esophagitis (LA classifications A-D). Abdominal obesity was evaluated by measuring visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), VAT-to-SAT ratio, total adipose tissue (TAT), body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). Results. The lesser curvature (LC) of EGJ was the most frequent site of mucosal breaks (104 cases, 58.4%). BMI, WC, VAT, the VAT-to-SAT ratio, and TAT were higher in the LC group. In multivariate analysis, higher VAT (odds ratio (OR) 2.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18 to 7.13, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.021; OR 3.63, 95% CI 1.44 to 9.10, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.006) and the VAT/SAT ratio (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.11 to 7.61, 3rd vs. 1st quartile, P=0.03; OR 3.02, 95% CI 1.17 to 7.83, 4th vs. 1st quartile, P=0.023) were significantly associated with mucosal breaks in the LC group. However, BMI, WC, and TAT were not significant in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion. The VAT and the VAT/SAT ratio were significantly associated with the mucosal breaks in the LC of EGJ. Visceral obesity could influence the location of the mucosal breaks on EGJ.

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