The initial predictors of death in 153 patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis in a single Korean centre

Chin Hee Mun, Juyoung Yoo, Seung Min Jung, Jason Jungsik Song, YongBeom Park, Sang Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We estimated the cumulative patient survival rates, the causes of death and the initial predictors of death in Korean patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and eosinophilic GPA (EGPA). Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 153 patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). We collected clinical and laboratory data including ANCA, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS), five factor score (FFS) (2009), comorbidities, medications and prognosis (death and relapse). The hazard ratio (HR) of variables at diagnosis for death in the disease course was assessed by the Cox hazard model analysis. Results. The mean age of 153 AAV patients (47 men and 106 women) was 55.2 years and the mean follow-up duration was 51.5 months. Fourteen of 153 patients (9.2%) died (7 MPA and 7 GPA patients) during the mean follow-up of 56.9 months. In all patients with AAV, 1 year-, 5 year- and 10 year-cumulative patient survival rates were 96.1%, 94.8% and 92.8%, respectively. The most common cause of death was infection of various causes. FFS (2009) ≥2 (HR 16.520, p=0.012) and diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) (HR 3.705, p=0.042) at diagnosis could predict death during the follow-up in AAV patients in multivariate COX regression analysis. Conclusion. The overall mortality rate was 9.2% and 10-year cumulative patient survival rate was 92.8%. At diagnosis, FFS (2009) ≥ 2 and DAH were independent predictors of death during the follow-up in Korean patients with MPA, GPA and EGPA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S65-S72
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Volume36
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies
Vasculitis
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis
Microscopic Polyangiitis
Survival Rate
Proportional Hazards Models
Cause of Death
Hemorrhage
Medical Records
Comorbidity
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Mun, Chin Hee ; Yoo, Juyoung ; Jung, Seung Min ; Song, Jason Jungsik ; Park, YongBeom ; Lee, Sang Won. / The initial predictors of death in 153 patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis in a single Korean centre. In: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology. 2018 ; Vol. 36. pp. S65-S72.
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title = "The initial predictors of death in 153 patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis in a single Korean centre",
abstract = "Objectives. We estimated the cumulative patient survival rates, the causes of death and the initial predictors of death in Korean patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and eosinophilic GPA (EGPA). Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 153 patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). We collected clinical and laboratory data including ANCA, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS), five factor score (FFS) (2009), comorbidities, medications and prognosis (death and relapse). The hazard ratio (HR) of variables at diagnosis for death in the disease course was assessed by the Cox hazard model analysis. Results. The mean age of 153 AAV patients (47 men and 106 women) was 55.2 years and the mean follow-up duration was 51.5 months. Fourteen of 153 patients (9.2{\%}) died (7 MPA and 7 GPA patients) during the mean follow-up of 56.9 months. In all patients with AAV, 1 year-, 5 year- and 10 year-cumulative patient survival rates were 96.1{\%}, 94.8{\%} and 92.8{\%}, respectively. The most common cause of death was infection of various causes. FFS (2009) ≥2 (HR 16.520, p=0.012) and diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) (HR 3.705, p=0.042) at diagnosis could predict death during the follow-up in AAV patients in multivariate COX regression analysis. Conclusion. The overall mortality rate was 9.2{\%} and 10-year cumulative patient survival rate was 92.8{\%}. At diagnosis, FFS (2009) ≥ 2 and DAH were independent predictors of death during the follow-up in Korean patients with MPA, GPA and EGPA.",
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The initial predictors of death in 153 patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis in a single Korean centre. / Mun, Chin Hee; Yoo, Juyoung; Jung, Seung Min; Song, Jason Jungsik; Park, YongBeom; Lee, Sang Won.

In: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, Vol. 36, 01.01.2018, p. S65-S72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Yoo, Juyoung

AU - Jung, Seung Min

AU - Song, Jason Jungsik

AU - Park, YongBeom

AU - Lee, Sang Won

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N2 - Objectives. We estimated the cumulative patient survival rates, the causes of death and the initial predictors of death in Korean patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and eosinophilic GPA (EGPA). Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 153 patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). We collected clinical and laboratory data including ANCA, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS), five factor score (FFS) (2009), comorbidities, medications and prognosis (death and relapse). The hazard ratio (HR) of variables at diagnosis for death in the disease course was assessed by the Cox hazard model analysis. Results. The mean age of 153 AAV patients (47 men and 106 women) was 55.2 years and the mean follow-up duration was 51.5 months. Fourteen of 153 patients (9.2%) died (7 MPA and 7 GPA patients) during the mean follow-up of 56.9 months. In all patients with AAV, 1 year-, 5 year- and 10 year-cumulative patient survival rates were 96.1%, 94.8% and 92.8%, respectively. The most common cause of death was infection of various causes. FFS (2009) ≥2 (HR 16.520, p=0.012) and diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) (HR 3.705, p=0.042) at diagnosis could predict death during the follow-up in AAV patients in multivariate COX regression analysis. Conclusion. The overall mortality rate was 9.2% and 10-year cumulative patient survival rate was 92.8%. At diagnosis, FFS (2009) ≥ 2 and DAH were independent predictors of death during the follow-up in Korean patients with MPA, GPA and EGPA.

AB - Objectives. We estimated the cumulative patient survival rates, the causes of death and the initial predictors of death in Korean patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and eosinophilic GPA (EGPA). Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 153 patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). We collected clinical and laboratory data including ANCA, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS), five factor score (FFS) (2009), comorbidities, medications and prognosis (death and relapse). The hazard ratio (HR) of variables at diagnosis for death in the disease course was assessed by the Cox hazard model analysis. Results. The mean age of 153 AAV patients (47 men and 106 women) was 55.2 years and the mean follow-up duration was 51.5 months. Fourteen of 153 patients (9.2%) died (7 MPA and 7 GPA patients) during the mean follow-up of 56.9 months. In all patients with AAV, 1 year-, 5 year- and 10 year-cumulative patient survival rates were 96.1%, 94.8% and 92.8%, respectively. The most common cause of death was infection of various causes. FFS (2009) ≥2 (HR 16.520, p=0.012) and diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) (HR 3.705, p=0.042) at diagnosis could predict death during the follow-up in AAV patients in multivariate COX regression analysis. Conclusion. The overall mortality rate was 9.2% and 10-year cumulative patient survival rate was 92.8%. At diagnosis, FFS (2009) ≥ 2 and DAH were independent predictors of death during the follow-up in Korean patients with MPA, GPA and EGPA.

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