HBx has been suggested as an important determinant mediating the pathological effects of HBV via interacting with various cellular proteins. To identify new HBx-interacting proteins and elucidate a possible mechanism associated with HBx and HBx-interacting proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma, yeast two-hybrid screening was performed. We identified a novel HBx-interacting protein, serine/threonine protein phosphatase PP2Cα, and investigated the effects of PP2Cα on HBx-mediated IL-6 regulation. The interaction between endogenous PP2Cα, and HBx was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation. Recombinant HBx dose-dependently reduced enzyme activity of recombinant PP2Cα in vitro. While ectopically expressed PP2Cα in Cos-7 and Huh-7 cells reduced the expression of IL-6, overexpressed HBx with recombinant HBx-expressing adenovirus overcame PP2Cα-mediated IL-6 downregulation. In the response of IL-6, HBx phosphorylated STAT3 and recovered PP2Cα-mediated dephosphorylation of STAT3. These results supported that HBx might play a crucial role in HBV-associated hepatocarcinogenesis even in cases where cells express a negative regulator, PP2Cα.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Dec 8|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology