The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CCR2 system is involved in peritoneal dialysis-related epithelial-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells

Sun Ha Lee, Hye Young Kang, Kyung Sik Kim, Bo Young Nam, Jisun Paeng, Seonghun Kim, Jin Ji Li, Jung Tak Park, Dong Ki Kim, SeungHyeok Han, TaeHyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) has a role in the process of peritoneal fibrosis (PF), a serious complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Even though monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) was demonstrated to directly increase extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis, the role of the MCP-1/CCR2 system in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis in cultured human PMCs (HPMCs) and in an animal model of PD has never been elucidated. In vitro, HPMCs were exposed to 5.6 mM glucose (NG), NG+MCP-1 (10 ng/ml) (NG+MCP-1), or 100 mM glucose (HG) with or without CCR2 inhibitor (RS102895) (CCR2i) or a dominant-negative mutant MCP-1-expressing lentivirus (LV-mMCP-1). In vivo, PD catheters were inserted into 60 Sprague-Dawley rats, and saline (Control, C) (N=30) or 4.25% PD solution (PD) (N=30) was infused for 4 weeks. Twenty rats from each group were treated with empty LV or LV-mMCP-1 intraperitoneally. Snail, E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and fibronectin protein expression in HPMCs and the peritoneum was evaluated by western blot analysis. Compared with NG cells, Snail, α-SMA, and fibronectin expression was significantly increased, while E-cadherin expression was significantly decreased in HPMCs exposed to HG and NG+MCP-1, and these changes were significantly abrogated by CCR2i (P<0.05). In addition, MCP-1-induced EMT was significantly attenuated by anti-TGF-β1 antibody. In PD rats, Snail and fibronectin expression was significantly increased in the peritoneum, whereas the ratios of E-cadherin/α-SMA protein expression were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The thickness of the peritoneum and the intensity of Masson's trichrome staining in the peritoneum were also significantly higher in PD rats than in C rats (P<0.05). These changes in PD rats were significantly abrogated by LV-mMCP-1. These findings suggest that the MCP-1/CCR2 system is directly involved in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis and that this is mediated, at least in part, via TGF-β1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1698-1711
Number of pages14
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume92
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

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Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Chemokine CCL2
Peritoneal Dialysis
Peritoneum
Cadherins
Fibronectins
Extracellular Matrix
Peritoneal Fibrosis
Glucose
Lentivirus
Dialysis Solutions
Mutant Proteins
Smooth Muscle
Sprague Dawley Rats
Actins
Proteins
Catheters
Animal Models
Western Blotting
Staining and Labeling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Lee, Sun Ha ; Kang, Hye Young ; Kim, Kyung Sik ; Nam, Bo Young ; Paeng, Jisun ; Kim, Seonghun ; Li, Jin Ji ; Park, Jung Tak ; Kim, Dong Ki ; Han, SeungHyeok ; Yoo, TaeHyun ; Kang, Shin-Wook. / The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CCR2 system is involved in peritoneal dialysis-related epithelial-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells. In: Laboratory Investigation. 2012 ; Vol. 92, No. 12. pp. 1698-1711.
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abstract = "Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) has a role in the process of peritoneal fibrosis (PF), a serious complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Even though monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) was demonstrated to directly increase extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis, the role of the MCP-1/CCR2 system in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis in cultured human PMCs (HPMCs) and in an animal model of PD has never been elucidated. In vitro, HPMCs were exposed to 5.6 mM glucose (NG), NG+MCP-1 (10 ng/ml) (NG+MCP-1), or 100 mM glucose (HG) with or without CCR2 inhibitor (RS102895) (CCR2i) or a dominant-negative mutant MCP-1-expressing lentivirus (LV-mMCP-1). In vivo, PD catheters were inserted into 60 Sprague-Dawley rats, and saline (Control, C) (N=30) or 4.25{\%} PD solution (PD) (N=30) was infused for 4 weeks. Twenty rats from each group were treated with empty LV or LV-mMCP-1 intraperitoneally. Snail, E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and fibronectin protein expression in HPMCs and the peritoneum was evaluated by western blot analysis. Compared with NG cells, Snail, α-SMA, and fibronectin expression was significantly increased, while E-cadherin expression was significantly decreased in HPMCs exposed to HG and NG+MCP-1, and these changes were significantly abrogated by CCR2i (P<0.05). In addition, MCP-1-induced EMT was significantly attenuated by anti-TGF-β1 antibody. In PD rats, Snail and fibronectin expression was significantly increased in the peritoneum, whereas the ratios of E-cadherin/α-SMA protein expression were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The thickness of the peritoneum and the intensity of Masson's trichrome staining in the peritoneum were also significantly higher in PD rats than in C rats (P<0.05). These changes in PD rats were significantly abrogated by LV-mMCP-1. These findings suggest that the MCP-1/CCR2 system is directly involved in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis and that this is mediated, at least in part, via TGF-β1.",
author = "Lee, {Sun Ha} and Kang, {Hye Young} and Kim, {Kyung Sik} and Nam, {Bo Young} and Jisun Paeng and Seonghun Kim and Li, {Jin Ji} and Park, {Jung Tak} and Kim, {Dong Ki} and SeungHyeok Han and TaeHyun Yoo and Shin-Wook Kang",
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The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CCR2 system is involved in peritoneal dialysis-related epithelial-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells. / Lee, Sun Ha; Kang, Hye Young; Kim, Kyung Sik; Nam, Bo Young; Paeng, Jisun; Kim, Seonghun; Li, Jin Ji; Park, Jung Tak; Kim, Dong Ki; Han, SeungHyeok; Yoo, TaeHyun; Kang, Shin-Wook.

In: Laboratory Investigation, Vol. 92, No. 12, 01.12.2012, p. 1698-1711.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CCR2 system is involved in peritoneal dialysis-related epithelial-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells

AU - Lee, Sun Ha

AU - Kang, Hye Young

AU - Kim, Kyung Sik

AU - Nam, Bo Young

AU - Paeng, Jisun

AU - Kim, Seonghun

AU - Li, Jin Ji

AU - Park, Jung Tak

AU - Kim, Dong Ki

AU - Han, SeungHyeok

AU - Yoo, TaeHyun

AU - Kang, Shin-Wook

PY - 2012/12/1

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N2 - Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) has a role in the process of peritoneal fibrosis (PF), a serious complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Even though monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) was demonstrated to directly increase extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis, the role of the MCP-1/CCR2 system in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis in cultured human PMCs (HPMCs) and in an animal model of PD has never been elucidated. In vitro, HPMCs were exposed to 5.6 mM glucose (NG), NG+MCP-1 (10 ng/ml) (NG+MCP-1), or 100 mM glucose (HG) with or without CCR2 inhibitor (RS102895) (CCR2i) or a dominant-negative mutant MCP-1-expressing lentivirus (LV-mMCP-1). In vivo, PD catheters were inserted into 60 Sprague-Dawley rats, and saline (Control, C) (N=30) or 4.25% PD solution (PD) (N=30) was infused for 4 weeks. Twenty rats from each group were treated with empty LV or LV-mMCP-1 intraperitoneally. Snail, E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and fibronectin protein expression in HPMCs and the peritoneum was evaluated by western blot analysis. Compared with NG cells, Snail, α-SMA, and fibronectin expression was significantly increased, while E-cadherin expression was significantly decreased in HPMCs exposed to HG and NG+MCP-1, and these changes were significantly abrogated by CCR2i (P<0.05). In addition, MCP-1-induced EMT was significantly attenuated by anti-TGF-β1 antibody. In PD rats, Snail and fibronectin expression was significantly increased in the peritoneum, whereas the ratios of E-cadherin/α-SMA protein expression were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The thickness of the peritoneum and the intensity of Masson's trichrome staining in the peritoneum were also significantly higher in PD rats than in C rats (P<0.05). These changes in PD rats were significantly abrogated by LV-mMCP-1. These findings suggest that the MCP-1/CCR2 system is directly involved in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis and that this is mediated, at least in part, via TGF-β1.

AB - Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) has a role in the process of peritoneal fibrosis (PF), a serious complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Even though monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) was demonstrated to directly increase extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis, the role of the MCP-1/CCR2 system in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis in cultured human PMCs (HPMCs) and in an animal model of PD has never been elucidated. In vitro, HPMCs were exposed to 5.6 mM glucose (NG), NG+MCP-1 (10 ng/ml) (NG+MCP-1), or 100 mM glucose (HG) with or without CCR2 inhibitor (RS102895) (CCR2i) or a dominant-negative mutant MCP-1-expressing lentivirus (LV-mMCP-1). In vivo, PD catheters were inserted into 60 Sprague-Dawley rats, and saline (Control, C) (N=30) or 4.25% PD solution (PD) (N=30) was infused for 4 weeks. Twenty rats from each group were treated with empty LV or LV-mMCP-1 intraperitoneally. Snail, E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and fibronectin protein expression in HPMCs and the peritoneum was evaluated by western blot analysis. Compared with NG cells, Snail, α-SMA, and fibronectin expression was significantly increased, while E-cadherin expression was significantly decreased in HPMCs exposed to HG and NG+MCP-1, and these changes were significantly abrogated by CCR2i (P<0.05). In addition, MCP-1-induced EMT was significantly attenuated by anti-TGF-β1 antibody. In PD rats, Snail and fibronectin expression was significantly increased in the peritoneum, whereas the ratios of E-cadherin/α-SMA protein expression were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The thickness of the peritoneum and the intensity of Masson's trichrome staining in the peritoneum were also significantly higher in PD rats than in C rats (P<0.05). These changes in PD rats were significantly abrogated by LV-mMCP-1. These findings suggest that the MCP-1/CCR2 system is directly involved in PD-related EMT and ECM synthesis and that this is mediated, at least in part, via TGF-β1.

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