The combined effect of a vertical AC electric field and the boundaries on the onset of Darcy-Brinkman convection in a dielectric fluid saturated porous layer heated either from below or above is investigated using linear stability theory. The isothermal bounding surfaces of the porous layer are considered to be either rigid or free. It is established that the principle of exchange of stability is valid irrespective of the nature of velocity boundary conditions. The eigenvalue problem is solved exactly for free-free (F/F) boundaries and numerically using the Galerkin technique for rigid-rigid (R/R) and lower-rigid and upper-free (F/R) boundaries. It is observed that all the boundaries exhibit qualitatively similar results. The presence of electric field is emphasized on the stability of the system and it is shown that increasing the AC electric Rayleigh number Rea is to facilitate the transfer of heat more effectively and to hasten the onset of Darcy-Brinkman convection. Whereas, increase in the ratio of viscosities Λ and the inverse Darcy number Da-1 is to delay the onset of Darcy-Brinkman electroconvection. Besides, increasing Rea and Da-1 as well as decreasing Λ are to reduce the size of convection cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)