Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal bolus dose of alfentanil required to provide successful intubating conditions following inhalation induction of anaesthesia using 5% sevoflurane and 60% nitrous oxide without neuromuscular blockade in adult day-case anaesthesia. Methods: Twenty-four adults, aged 18-60 years, undergoing general anaesthesia for short ambulatory surgery were enroled into the study. After vital capacity induction, with sevoflurane 5% and 60% nitrous oxide in oxygen, pre-determined dose of alfentanil was injected over 30 s. The dose of alfentanil was determined by modified Dixon's up-and-down method (2 μg/kg as a step size). Ninety seconds after the end of bolus administration of alfentanil, the trachea was intubated. Systolic blood pressure, heart rate and SpO2 were recorded at anaesthetic induction, before, 1 min and 3 min after intubation. Results: The bolus dose of alfentanil for successful tracheal intubation was 10.7±2.1 μg/kg in 50% of patients during inhalation induction. From probit analysis, 50% effective dose (ED50) and ED95 values (95% confidence limits) of alfentanil were 10.7 μg/kg (8.0-12.9 μg/kg) and 14.9 μg/kg (12.9-31.1 μg/kg), respectively. Conclusions: Using the modified Dixon's up-and-down method, the bolus dose of alfentanil for successful tracheal intubation was 10.7±2.1 μg/kg in 50% of adult patients during inhalation induction using 5% sevoflurane and 60% nitrous oxide in oxygen without neuromuscular blocking agent in day-case anaesthesia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine