Aims Successful rhythm control after atrial fibrillation catheter ablation is known to induce left atrial reverse remodelling and improve left ventricular (LV) function. We explored the clinical factors affecting LV systolic and diastolic function 1-year after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Methods and results We compared pre-procedural and 1-year follow-up echocardiograms in 521 patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent catheter ablation. Left ventricular systolic function was estimated by the ejection fraction (EF); diastolic function was estimated by the ratio of early transmitral flow velocity (E) to early mitral annular velocity (Em). (i) Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation significantly reduced left atrium volume index (P < 0.001) and improved LV EF both in patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation (n = 133, P = 0.008) and those without recurrence (n = 388, P < 0.001). (ii) Follow-up EF was significantly improved in patients with baseline E/Em < 15 (n = 454, P < 0.001), whereas E/Em was significantly reduced in patients with pre-procedural E/Em ≥ 15 (n = 67, P = 0.008). (iii) Baseline E/Em < 15 (β = -3.854, 95% CI -5.99 to -1.72, P < 0.001), baseline EF <50% (β = 10.586, 95% CI 7.55 to 13.63, P < 0.001), and female (β = -1.726, 95% CI -3.36 to -0.10, P = 0.038) were independently associated with improved EF. Baseline E/Em ≥ 15 (β = 4.896, 95% CI 3.45 to 6.34, P < 0.001) and younger age (β = -0.066, 95% CI -0.11 to -0.02, P = 0.003) were independent factors associated with improved E/Em. Conclusion Pre-procedural E/Em predicted improvement in LV systolic and diastolic functions 1 year after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Low baseline E/Em was independently associated with improved EF, while high E/Em predicted improvement in LV diastolic function.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)