The reduction of formaldehyde and VOCs emission from wood-based flooring by green adhesive using cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To discuss the reduction of formaldehyde and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from engineered flooring, cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)-formaldehyde (CF) resin and CF/PVAc resin were applied for the maple face of the veneer bonding on plywood. The CF resin was used to replace urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin in the formaldehyde-based resin system in order to reduce formaldehyde and VOC emissions from the adhesives used between the plywoods and fancy veneers. For the CF/PVAc resins, 5, 10, 20 or 30% of PVAc was added to the CF resin. The CF/PVAc resins showed better bonding than the commercial natural tannin adhesive with a higher level of wood penetration. The standard formaldehyde emission test and a VOC analyzer were used to determine the formaldehyde and VOC emissions, respectively, from the engineered floorings. The CF resin and CF/PVAc resin systems with UV coating satisfied the E1 and E0 grades of the Korean Standard. TVOC emission was slightly increased by the PVAc addition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-922
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume182
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Anacardium
Nuts
nut
Volatile organic compounds
formaldehyde
Formaldehyde
Adhesives
volatile organic compound
Wood
shell
liquid
resin
Liquids
Resins
Volatile Organic Compounds
Veneers
Plywood
adhesive
Urea formaldehyde resins
Tannins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

@article{56faf401752945bab0a5bef30fe83052,
title = "The reduction of formaldehyde and VOCs emission from wood-based flooring by green adhesive using cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)",
abstract = "To discuss the reduction of formaldehyde and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from engineered flooring, cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)-formaldehyde (CF) resin and CF/PVAc resin were applied for the maple face of the veneer bonding on plywood. The CF resin was used to replace urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin in the formaldehyde-based resin system in order to reduce formaldehyde and VOC emissions from the adhesives used between the plywoods and fancy veneers. For the CF/PVAc resins, 5, 10, 20 or 30{\%} of PVAc was added to the CF resin. The CF/PVAc resins showed better bonding than the commercial natural tannin adhesive with a higher level of wood penetration. The standard formaldehyde emission test and a VOC analyzer were used to determine the formaldehyde and VOC emissions, respectively, from the engineered floorings. The CF resin and CF/PVAc resin systems with UV coating satisfied the E1 and E0 grades of the Korean Standard. TVOC emission was slightly increased by the PVAc addition.",
author = "Sumin Kim",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.003",
language = "English",
volume = "182",
pages = "919--922",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The reduction of formaldehyde and VOCs emission from wood-based flooring by green adhesive using cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)

AU - Kim, Sumin

PY - 2010/10/1

Y1 - 2010/10/1

N2 - To discuss the reduction of formaldehyde and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from engineered flooring, cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)-formaldehyde (CF) resin and CF/PVAc resin were applied for the maple face of the veneer bonding on plywood. The CF resin was used to replace urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin in the formaldehyde-based resin system in order to reduce formaldehyde and VOC emissions from the adhesives used between the plywoods and fancy veneers. For the CF/PVAc resins, 5, 10, 20 or 30% of PVAc was added to the CF resin. The CF/PVAc resins showed better bonding than the commercial natural tannin adhesive with a higher level of wood penetration. The standard formaldehyde emission test and a VOC analyzer were used to determine the formaldehyde and VOC emissions, respectively, from the engineered floorings. The CF resin and CF/PVAc resin systems with UV coating satisfied the E1 and E0 grades of the Korean Standard. TVOC emission was slightly increased by the PVAc addition.

AB - To discuss the reduction of formaldehyde and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from engineered flooring, cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)-formaldehyde (CF) resin and CF/PVAc resin were applied for the maple face of the veneer bonding on plywood. The CF resin was used to replace urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin in the formaldehyde-based resin system in order to reduce formaldehyde and VOC emissions from the adhesives used between the plywoods and fancy veneers. For the CF/PVAc resins, 5, 10, 20 or 30% of PVAc was added to the CF resin. The CF/PVAc resins showed better bonding than the commercial natural tannin adhesive with a higher level of wood penetration. The standard formaldehyde emission test and a VOC analyzer were used to determine the formaldehyde and VOC emissions, respectively, from the engineered floorings. The CF resin and CF/PVAc resin systems with UV coating satisfied the E1 and E0 grades of the Korean Standard. TVOC emission was slightly increased by the PVAc addition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955578705&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955578705&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 20362392

AN - SCOPUS:77955578705

VL - 182

SP - 919

EP - 922

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

IS - 1-3

ER -