The reduction of iron oxides by volatiles in a rotary hearth furnace process: Part I. The role and kinetics of volatile reduction

I. Sohn, R. J. Fruehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With iron ore reduction processes using coal-ore pellets or mixtures, it is possible that volatiles can contribute to reduction. By simulating the constituents of the individual reducing species in the volatiles, the rates for H2 and CO were investigated in the temperature and reduction range of interest; hydrogen is the major reductant and was studied in detail. The kinetics of the reduction by H2 has been found to be a complex mechanism with, initially, nucleation and growth controlling the rate. There is a catalytic effect by the existing iron nuclei, followed by a mixed control of chemical kinetics and pore diffusion. This results in a topochemical reduction of these iron oxide particles. Up to 1173 K, reduction by H2 is considerably faster than by carbon in the pellet/mixture or by CO. It was also found that H2S, which is involved with the volatiles, does not affect the rate at the reduction range of interest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-612
Number of pages8
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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