A study involving a large-scale social survey was administered to a representative German sample provided evidence demonstrating three information processing principles associated with life satisfaction judgments: (1) judgments of domain satisfaction tend to influence judgments of domain importance; (2) the effect of domain satisfaction on domain importance tends to be moderated by depressive realism; and (3) depression tends to influence domain satisfaction judgments. Specifically, depression mitigates the influence of domain satisfaction on domain importance. Nondepressed individuals tend to use compensation (an ego-enhancing strategy) to inflate the importance of domains they experience high satisfaction as well as deflate the importance of those domains they experience low satisfaction. As such, the effect of domain satisfaction on domain importance is accentuated for the nondepressed compared to the depressed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work in the laboratory of J.G. is supported by the SYNAPSIS Foundation, the Béatrice Ederer-Weber Stiftung, the Floshield Foundation and the Alzheimer’s Association (grant no. NIRG-15-363964). The laboratory of D.M. is supported by the Foundation Jérôme Lejeune, Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Competitividad (grant no. BFU2014-53093). The laboratory of J.P.-T. is supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad and the FEDER programme from the EU (grant no. SAF2014-59469-R) and the CIBERNED. J.V.S.-M. is supported by a SYNAPSIS Foundation Fellowship for Advanced PostDocs and the Heidi Seiler-Stiftung foundation. H.H. is a Miguel Servet (CP14/00229) researcher funded by the Spanish Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII). B.A.S. is an EMBO long-term fellow (ALTF 1605-2014, Marie Curie Actions, LTFCOFUND2013, GA-2013-609409). A.M.-S. is a recipient of a FPI PhD studentship from MINECO. M.E. is an ICREA Research Professor. J.G. is an MQ fellow and a NARSAD Independent Investigator.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)