The role of conformity in relation to cohesiveness and intimacy in day-hospital groups of patients with schizophrenia

Il Ho Park, Sun Young Park, Sulkee Choi, Soo Young Lee, Jae-Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective Conformity is defined as the act of adjusting one’s behavior to match the social responses of others. Patients with schizophrenia often adjust their maladaptive behaviors by conforming in group treatment settings. This study aimed to examine whether the opinions of group members influence conformity of patients with schizophrenia who attend day-hospital programs. Methods Nineteen patients with schizophrenia from four different day-hospital programs and 23 healthy controls from four different social clubs completed the homographic meaning choice task under conditions of prior exposure to the pseudo-opinions of their group members, strangers, and unknown information sources. Group influences on conformity were observed when the level of group cohesiveness was high and the level of intimacy was low across participant groups. Results Controls did not exhibit a significant effect of group influence on conformity, whereas patients were significantly influenced by their group members when making conformity-based decisions despite significantly lower intimacy and cohesiveness levels. Conclusion These findings suggest that unlike controls, patients with schizophrenia tend to respond with conformity when influenced by the opinions of their affiliated group. In patients with schizophrenia group conformity may be used to select a more accurate decision and to enhance feelings of affiliation among them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-470
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Schizophrenia
Emotions
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Park, Il Ho ; Park, Sun Young ; Choi, Sulkee ; Lee, Soo Young ; Kim, Jae-Jin. / The role of conformity in relation to cohesiveness and intimacy in day-hospital groups of patients with schizophrenia. In: Psychiatry Investigation. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 463-470.
@article{2a05cc5f19e2434bb3c4479a6bd1e418,
title = "The role of conformity in relation to cohesiveness and intimacy in day-hospital groups of patients with schizophrenia",
abstract = "Objective Conformity is defined as the act of adjusting one’s behavior to match the social responses of others. Patients with schizophrenia often adjust their maladaptive behaviors by conforming in group treatment settings. This study aimed to examine whether the opinions of group members influence conformity of patients with schizophrenia who attend day-hospital programs. Methods Nineteen patients with schizophrenia from four different day-hospital programs and 23 healthy controls from four different social clubs completed the homographic meaning choice task under conditions of prior exposure to the pseudo-opinions of their group members, strangers, and unknown information sources. Group influences on conformity were observed when the level of group cohesiveness was high and the level of intimacy was low across participant groups. Results Controls did not exhibit a significant effect of group influence on conformity, whereas patients were significantly influenced by their group members when making conformity-based decisions despite significantly lower intimacy and cohesiveness levels. Conclusion These findings suggest that unlike controls, patients with schizophrenia tend to respond with conformity when influenced by the opinions of their affiliated group. In patients with schizophrenia group conformity may be used to select a more accurate decision and to enhance feelings of affiliation among them.",
author = "Park, {Il Ho} and Park, {Sun Young} and Sulkee Choi and Lee, {Soo Young} and Jae-Jin Kim",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4306/pi.2017.14.4.463",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "463--470",
journal = "Psychiatry Investigation",
issn = "1738-3684",
publisher = "Korean Neuropsychiatric Association",
number = "4",

}

The role of conformity in relation to cohesiveness and intimacy in day-hospital groups of patients with schizophrenia. / Park, Il Ho; Park, Sun Young; Choi, Sulkee; Lee, Soo Young; Kim, Jae-Jin.

In: Psychiatry Investigation, Vol. 14, No. 4, 01.01.2017, p. 463-470.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of conformity in relation to cohesiveness and intimacy in day-hospital groups of patients with schizophrenia

AU - Park, Il Ho

AU - Park, Sun Young

AU - Choi, Sulkee

AU - Lee, Soo Young

AU - Kim, Jae-Jin

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Objective Conformity is defined as the act of adjusting one’s behavior to match the social responses of others. Patients with schizophrenia often adjust their maladaptive behaviors by conforming in group treatment settings. This study aimed to examine whether the opinions of group members influence conformity of patients with schizophrenia who attend day-hospital programs. Methods Nineteen patients with schizophrenia from four different day-hospital programs and 23 healthy controls from four different social clubs completed the homographic meaning choice task under conditions of prior exposure to the pseudo-opinions of their group members, strangers, and unknown information sources. Group influences on conformity were observed when the level of group cohesiveness was high and the level of intimacy was low across participant groups. Results Controls did not exhibit a significant effect of group influence on conformity, whereas patients were significantly influenced by their group members when making conformity-based decisions despite significantly lower intimacy and cohesiveness levels. Conclusion These findings suggest that unlike controls, patients with schizophrenia tend to respond with conformity when influenced by the opinions of their affiliated group. In patients with schizophrenia group conformity may be used to select a more accurate decision and to enhance feelings of affiliation among them.

AB - Objective Conformity is defined as the act of adjusting one’s behavior to match the social responses of others. Patients with schizophrenia often adjust their maladaptive behaviors by conforming in group treatment settings. This study aimed to examine whether the opinions of group members influence conformity of patients with schizophrenia who attend day-hospital programs. Methods Nineteen patients with schizophrenia from four different day-hospital programs and 23 healthy controls from four different social clubs completed the homographic meaning choice task under conditions of prior exposure to the pseudo-opinions of their group members, strangers, and unknown information sources. Group influences on conformity were observed when the level of group cohesiveness was high and the level of intimacy was low across participant groups. Results Controls did not exhibit a significant effect of group influence on conformity, whereas patients were significantly influenced by their group members when making conformity-based decisions despite significantly lower intimacy and cohesiveness levels. Conclusion These findings suggest that unlike controls, patients with schizophrenia tend to respond with conformity when influenced by the opinions of their affiliated group. In patients with schizophrenia group conformity may be used to select a more accurate decision and to enhance feelings of affiliation among them.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026304318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026304318&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4306/pi.2017.14.4.463

DO - 10.4306/pi.2017.14.4.463

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 463

EP - 470

JO - Psychiatry Investigation

JF - Psychiatry Investigation

SN - 1738-3684

IS - 4

ER -