The role of individual differences in confidence and response bias

Do Hyung Kim, Kyung Soo Lee, Kyeong Tae Kim, Su Ran Lee, Hye Bin Rim, Ji Seon Shin, Young Woo Sohn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This research examined how individual differences in personality traits are related with confidence and response bias for situation awareness. Participants completed the big-five personality inventory, the Need for Closure scale inventory, and the unsafe attitude questionnaire followed by a flight situation awareness task designed to assess confidence level and response bias. The data obtained were then analyzed using the framework of Calibration and Signal Detection Theory. The results suggest that extraversion and emotional stability are positively correlated with overconfidence. In addition, extraversion, conscientiousness, and intellect are negatively correlated with response criteria. This suggests that those with lower levels of extraversion, conscientiousness, and intellect are likely to use more conservative response criteria. Our findings have a practical implication that student pilots' personality factors should be considered for effective pilot training.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting, HFES 2006
PublisherHuman Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.
Pages1245-1248
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780945289296
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event50th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2006 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 2006 Oct 162006 Oct 20

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
ISSN (Print)1071-1813

Other

Other50th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2006
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period06/10/1606/10/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

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  • Cite this

    Kim, D. H., Lee, K. S., Kim, K. T., Lee, S. R., Rim, H. B., Shin, J. S., & Sohn, Y. W. (2006). The role of individual differences in confidence and response bias. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting, HFES 2006 (pp. 1245-1248). (Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society). Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1177/154193120605001208