The role of transition metals in non-precious nitrogen-modified carbon-based electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Hyung Suk Oh, Hansung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the role of transition metals (Co or Fe) on nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts are synthesized by the pyrolysis process in the presence of polypyrrole (PPy) and ethylenediamine (ED) with different amounts of transition metals. Electrochemical data and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analysis do not support that the transition metal itself behaves as an active site for ORR. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and elemental analysis results show that the total nitrogen content and the active nitrogen functional groups, such as pyridinic-N and graphitic-N, are strongly dependent on the type of transition metal and the amount of transition metal used. Therefore, it is believed that transition metals serve to catalyze the formation of active nitrogen functional groups for the ORR by doping nitrogen into carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 15

Fingerprint

electrocatalysts
Electrocatalysts
Transition metals
Nitrogen
Carbon
transition metals
Oxygen
nitrogen
carbon
oxygen
ethylenediamine
Functional groups
Atomic emission spectroscopy
catalysts
Catalysts
polypyrroles
Polypyrroles
Inductively coupled plasma
pyrolysis
Pyrolysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This study examines the role of transition metals (Co or Fe) on nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The nitrogen-modified carbon-based catalysts are synthesized by the pyrolysis process in the presence of polypyrrole (PPy) and ethylenediamine (ED) with different amounts of transition metals. Electrochemical data and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analysis do not support that the transition metal itself behaves as an active site for ORR. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and elemental analysis results show that the total nitrogen content and the active nitrogen functional groups, such as pyridinic-N and graphitic-N, are strongly dependent on the type of transition metal and the amount of transition metal used. Therefore, it is believed that transition metals serve to catalyze the formation of active nitrogen functional groups for the ORR by doping nitrogen into carbon.",
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The role of transition metals in non-precious nitrogen-modified carbon-based electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction. / Oh, Hyung Suk; Kim, Hansung.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 212, 15.08.2012, p. 220-225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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