Objectives: Although many studies have examined the association between shift work and depression or insomnia, few studies have examined the relationship between quick return (QR) to work and depressive symptoms, regardless of shift work. Thus, in this study, we aimed to assess the association between depressive symptoms (DS)/sleep disturbances (SDs) and QR. Methods: Data from the 6th Korean Working Conditions Survey (2020) were used for this study. Paid workers aged between 20 and 65 years were included. DS were defined using the World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5) with a cut-off 50, and SD was defined as the occurrence of the following symptoms several times per month: difficulty in falling asleep, waking up in the middle of the night, or feeling tired even after waking up. QR was defined as “at least one case where the working interval between leaving work and the next day's work was < 11 h in the past month.” Multivariable logistic regression was performed to estimate the adjusted odd ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Mediation analysis was conducted to examine whether SD was a significant mediator in the association between QR and DS. Results: Among the 27,554 participants, DS occurred in 8,277 patients, while SD occurred in 6,264 patients. The aORs (95% CIs) of DS and SD by QR were 2.01 (1.78–2.27) and 3.24 (2.87–3.66), respectively, after adjusting for age, gender, income, education, working hours, job status, working duration, region, shift work, and occupation. SD was a significant mediator in the association between QR and DS. Conclusion: QR is significantly associated with DS or SD regardless of demographic factors and the working environment. The significant relationship between QR and DS may be mediated by SD.
|Journal||Frontiers in Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Oct 10|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Promotion Institute R&D Project, funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HS21C2367).
Copyright © 2022 Yun, Sim, Oh, Kim and Yoon.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health