The study of the effects of nonthermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor on hydrocarbon decomposition and reduction during cold start and warm-up in a SI engine

Taek Heon Lee, Younggy Shin, Baehyouck Chun, Kwang Min Chun

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Among the recent research ideas to reduce hydrocarbon emissions emitted from SI engines till light-off of catalyst since cold start are those exploiting non-thermal plasma technique and photo-catalyst that draws recent attention by virtue of its successful application to practical use to clean up the atmosphere using the feature of its relative independence on temperature. Based on the previous research results [6] obtained with model exhaust gases using an experimental emissions reduction system that utilizes the non-thermal plasma and photo-catalyst technique, further investigation was conducted on a production N/A 1.5 liter DOHC gasoline engine during cold start to warm-up. For the effects of non-thermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor, 10% concentration reduction was achieved with the fuel component paraffins, and the large increase in non-fuel paraffinic components and acetylene concentrations were similar to those of base condition. However the absolute value was locally a bit higher than those of base condition since the products was made from the dissociation and decomposition of highly branched paraffins by plasma-photocatalyst reactor. Olefinic components were highly decomposed by about 75%, due to these excellent decompositions of olefins which have relatively high MIR (Max. Incremental Reactivity) values, and the SR (Specific Reactivity) value was 1.87 that is 30% reduction from that of base condition, then, the photochemical reactivity was lowered.

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 1
EventPowertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2002 Oct 212002 Oct 24

Other

OtherPowertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period02/10/2102/10/24

Fingerprint

Photocatalysts
Hydrocarbons
Engines
Decomposition
Plasmas
Paraffins
Catalysts
Acetylene
Exhaust gases
Olefins
Gasoline
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Lee, T. H., Shin, Y., Chun, B., & Chun, K. M. (2002). The study of the effects of nonthermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor on hydrocarbon decomposition and reduction during cold start and warm-up in a SI engine. Paper presented at Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2002-01-2707
Lee, Taek Heon ; Shin, Younggy ; Chun, Baehyouck ; Chun, Kwang Min. / The study of the effects of nonthermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor on hydrocarbon decomposition and reduction during cold start and warm-up in a SI engine. Paper presented at Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, United States.
@conference{0bfbfed028d84bcfacf6cf98b13a176d,
title = "The study of the effects of nonthermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor on hydrocarbon decomposition and reduction during cold start and warm-up in a SI engine",
abstract = "Among the recent research ideas to reduce hydrocarbon emissions emitted from SI engines till light-off of catalyst since cold start are those exploiting non-thermal plasma technique and photo-catalyst that draws recent attention by virtue of its successful application to practical use to clean up the atmosphere using the feature of its relative independence on temperature. Based on the previous research results [6] obtained with model exhaust gases using an experimental emissions reduction system that utilizes the non-thermal plasma and photo-catalyst technique, further investigation was conducted on a production N/A 1.5 liter DOHC gasoline engine during cold start to warm-up. For the effects of non-thermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor, 10{\%} concentration reduction was achieved with the fuel component paraffins, and the large increase in non-fuel paraffinic components and acetylene concentrations were similar to those of base condition. However the absolute value was locally a bit higher than those of base condition since the products was made from the dissociation and decomposition of highly branched paraffins by plasma-photocatalyst reactor. Olefinic components were highly decomposed by about 75{\%}, due to these excellent decompositions of olefins which have relatively high MIR (Max. Incremental Reactivity) values, and the SR (Specific Reactivity) value was 1.87 that is 30{\%} reduction from that of base condition, then, the photochemical reactivity was lowered.",
author = "Lee, {Taek Heon} and Younggy Shin and Baehyouck Chun and Chun, {Kwang Min}",
year = "2002",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4271/2002-01-2707",
language = "English",
note = "Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition ; Conference date: 21-10-2002 Through 24-10-2002",

}

Lee, TH, Shin, Y, Chun, B & Chun, KM 2002, 'The study of the effects of nonthermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor on hydrocarbon decomposition and reduction during cold start and warm-up in a SI engine', Paper presented at Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, United States, 02/10/21 - 02/10/24. https://doi.org/10.4271/2002-01-2707

The study of the effects of nonthermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor on hydrocarbon decomposition and reduction during cold start and warm-up in a SI engine. / Lee, Taek Heon; Shin, Younggy; Chun, Baehyouck; Chun, Kwang Min.

2002. Paper presented at Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - The study of the effects of nonthermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor on hydrocarbon decomposition and reduction during cold start and warm-up in a SI engine

AU - Lee, Taek Heon

AU - Shin, Younggy

AU - Chun, Baehyouck

AU - Chun, Kwang Min

PY - 2002/12/1

Y1 - 2002/12/1

N2 - Among the recent research ideas to reduce hydrocarbon emissions emitted from SI engines till light-off of catalyst since cold start are those exploiting non-thermal plasma technique and photo-catalyst that draws recent attention by virtue of its successful application to practical use to clean up the atmosphere using the feature of its relative independence on temperature. Based on the previous research results [6] obtained with model exhaust gases using an experimental emissions reduction system that utilizes the non-thermal plasma and photo-catalyst technique, further investigation was conducted on a production N/A 1.5 liter DOHC gasoline engine during cold start to warm-up. For the effects of non-thermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor, 10% concentration reduction was achieved with the fuel component paraffins, and the large increase in non-fuel paraffinic components and acetylene concentrations were similar to those of base condition. However the absolute value was locally a bit higher than those of base condition since the products was made from the dissociation and decomposition of highly branched paraffins by plasma-photocatalyst reactor. Olefinic components were highly decomposed by about 75%, due to these excellent decompositions of olefins which have relatively high MIR (Max. Incremental Reactivity) values, and the SR (Specific Reactivity) value was 1.87 that is 30% reduction from that of base condition, then, the photochemical reactivity was lowered.

AB - Among the recent research ideas to reduce hydrocarbon emissions emitted from SI engines till light-off of catalyst since cold start are those exploiting non-thermal plasma technique and photo-catalyst that draws recent attention by virtue of its successful application to practical use to clean up the atmosphere using the feature of its relative independence on temperature. Based on the previous research results [6] obtained with model exhaust gases using an experimental emissions reduction system that utilizes the non-thermal plasma and photo-catalyst technique, further investigation was conducted on a production N/A 1.5 liter DOHC gasoline engine during cold start to warm-up. For the effects of non-thermal plasma-photocatalyst combined reactor, 10% concentration reduction was achieved with the fuel component paraffins, and the large increase in non-fuel paraffinic components and acetylene concentrations were similar to those of base condition. However the absolute value was locally a bit higher than those of base condition since the products was made from the dissociation and decomposition of highly branched paraffins by plasma-photocatalyst reactor. Olefinic components were highly decomposed by about 75%, due to these excellent decompositions of olefins which have relatively high MIR (Max. Incremental Reactivity) values, and the SR (Specific Reactivity) value was 1.87 that is 30% reduction from that of base condition, then, the photochemical reactivity was lowered.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877539427&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877539427&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4271/2002-01-2707

DO - 10.4271/2002-01-2707

M3 - Paper

ER -