The susceptibility of oral bacteria to antibacterial photodynamic therapy

Si Mook Kang, Baek Il Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been found that the oral cavity and tongue are the second abundant habitats of bacteria in the body. The oral microbiome is essential to maintain oral health, while it also has the potential to cause disease due to having pathogens simultaneously. In this study, seven oral bacterial strains which are known to be associated with an oral disease were selected to evaluate the antibiotic susceptibility to four different photosensitizers (PSs). Stock solution (1 mg/mℓ) of four PSs was prepared by dissolving the powder in dimethyl sulfoxide for curcumin and protoporphyrin IX, and distilled water for resazurin and riboflavin. The inoculation of 20 μℓ of a 24 h cultured bacterial suspension mixed with 1,980 μℓ each test solution and then a light source was placed in front of the mixed solution. The LED excitation wavelength was 405 nm and its energy was 84.5 mW/cm2 for 300 s. Bacterial viability was determined by measuring the absorbance at 655 nm with a microplate reader. It was found that all PSs affect the viability of some oral bacteria by irradiated with light. The antibacterial susceptibility on the different PSs and visible blue light irradiation were different depending on each bacterial strain. Moreover, the same bacterial strain showed different effects depending on the type of the PSs. From the above results, antibacterial photodynamic therapy composed of light source and photosensitizers can be used to control the oral bacteria strains which are related to oral disease.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotonic Diagnosis and Treatment of Infections and Inflammatory Diseases II
EditorsTianhong Dai, Jurgen Popp, Mei X. Wu
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510623682
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventPhotonic Diagnosis and Treatment of Infections and Inflammatory Diseases II 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2019 Feb 42019 Feb 5

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10863
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferencePhotonic Diagnosis and Treatment of Infections and Inflammatory Diseases II 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period19/2/419/2/5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (NRF-2018R1C1B3002848)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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