The trend of body donation for education based on Korean social and religious culture

Jong Tae Park, Yoonsun Jang, Min Sun Park, Calvin Pae, Jinyi Park, Kyung-Seok Hu, Jin Seo Park, Seung Ho Han, Ki Seok Koh, Heejin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Until a century ago, Korean medicine was based mainly on Oriental philosophies and ideas. From a religious perspective, Chinese Confucianism was prevalent in Korea at that time. Since Confucianists believe that it is against one's filial duty to harm his or her body, given to them by their parents, most Koreans did not donate their bodies or organs for education in the past. However, by the end of the 20th century, a unique fusion of Western and Oriental medicines were produced on the Korean Peninsula, revolutionizing traditional perspectives on the human body, mortality, and the relationship of medical science to society. Koreans began to think about others' lives as well as their own by realizing the importance of donating one's organs and bodies for scientific purposes. Since then, the number of people donating their bodies to Korean medical and dental schools for the purpose of improving academic learning has increased dramatically. In response, Korean medical schools have begun to hold various types of funeral ceremonies to honor body donors. We have compared such ceremonies performed in Korea with those performed in the United States of America and Taiwan. These ceremonies are viewed as a suitable way to pay proper respect to the dead and to promote knowledge about body donation programs in Korea. Overall, the transition of religions and social ethics in Korea has greatly facilitated body bequeathal programs, benefiting both medical education and the Korean public health administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalAnatomical Sciences Education
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 1

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Korea
Education
Medical Schools
Confucianism
Public Health Administration
East Asian Traditional Medicine
Dental Schools
Religion
Medical Education
Taiwan
Human Body
Ethics
Parents
Medicine
Tissue Donors
Learning
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Embryology

Cite this

Park, Jong Tae ; Jang, Yoonsun ; Park, Min Sun ; Pae, Calvin ; Park, Jinyi ; Hu, Kyung-Seok ; Park, Jin Seo ; Han, Seung Ho ; Koh, Ki Seok ; Kim, Heejin. / The trend of body donation for education based on Korean social and religious culture. In: Anatomical Sciences Education. 2011 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 33-38.
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Park, JT, Jang, Y, Park, MS, Pae, C, Park, J, Hu, K-S, Park, JS, Han, SH, Koh, KS & Kim, H 2011, 'The trend of body donation for education based on Korean social and religious culture', Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 33-38. https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.198

The trend of body donation for education based on Korean social and religious culture. / Park, Jong Tae; Jang, Yoonsun; Park, Min Sun; Pae, Calvin; Park, Jinyi; Hu, Kyung-Seok; Park, Jin Seo; Han, Seung Ho; Koh, Ki Seok; Kim, Heejin.

In: Anatomical Sciences Education, Vol. 4, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 33-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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