Mutations in the gene for the serine/threonine protein kinase PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) are the second most frequent cause of autosomal recessive Parkinson’s disease (PD). Via its kinase activity, PINK1 regulates neuronal cell survival and mitochondrial quality control. Numerous reports have revealed that PINK1 has diverse and physiologically significant functions, and therefore its activity should be tightly regulated. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating PINK1 stability and the modulator(s) involved have not been elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate that the ubiquitin E3 ligase carboxyl terminus of Hsp70-interacting protein (CHIP) promotes PINK1 ubiquitination and decreases its steady-state levels. Moreover, PINK1 levels were strongly reduced in HEK293 and SH-SY5Y cells exposed to the apoptosis-inducer staurosporine. Of note, we found that this reduction resulted from CHIP-mediated PINK1 ubiquitination. Accordingly, siRNA-mediated CHIP knockdown reduced susceptibility to staurosporine-induced cell death. Taken together, these findings suggest that CHIP plays a role in negative regulation of PINK1 stability and may suppress PINK1’s cytoprotective effect during staurosporine-induced mammalian cell death. We propose that this PINK1 regulatory pathway might contribute to Parkinson’s disease pathogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology