This paper deals with theoretical analysis and design of permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors (PMSMs) with minimized cogging force. Recently, many optimal designs for the PMSMs have been done by finite element (FE) analysis, but such analysis generally is time consuming. In this study, the equation of magnetic flux lines existing between PMs and iron cores is expressed geometrically and the cogging force is calculated theoretically without FE analysis. The form of equation is assumed to be the second-order polynomial and the virtual core is used to express the cogging force in analytical model. The cogging force can be calculated by applying the solved flux line equation and the flux density equation to the Lorentz force equation by using the Maxwell stress tensor. The theoretical analysis of minimized cogging force is applied to several prototypes such as synchronous PM planar motor (SPMPM), 2-DOF PMSM with screw motion, and axial flux PM (AFPM) brushless dc motor in this paper, and the analytical results are validated by FE analyses and experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering