Therapeutic Effect of Curcumin, a Plant Polyphenol Extracted From Curcuma longae, in Fibroblasts From Patients With Graves' Orbitopathy

Jihei Sara Lee, Jinjoo Kim, Eun Jig Lee, Jin Sook Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We examined the therapeutic effect of nontoxic concentrations of curcumin, a plant polyphenol extracted from Curcuma longae, in primary cultures of orbital fibroblasts from Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Methods: The effect of curcumin on interleukin (IL)-1β induced-proinflammatory cytokine production was determined using quantitative real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis. Adipogenic differentiation was identified using Oil-Red O staining, and levels of peroxisome proliferator activator γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) α/β were determined by Western blot analyses. Antioxidant activity was measured using an oxidant-sensitive fluorescent probe to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in response to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Results: Treatment with curcumin resulted in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in IL-1β-induced synthesis of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and ICAM-1 at both mRNA and protein levels. Decrease in lipid droplets and expression of PPARγ and c/EBPα/β were noted in fibroblasts treated with curcumin during adipose differentiation. CSE- or H2O2-induced ROS synthesis was significantly lower in curcumin-treated fibroblasts in comparison with the control. Curcumin significantly suppressed IL-1β-induced phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Akt, c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, and nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, p65 proteins and stimulated β-catenin translocation into nucleus during adipogenesis. Conclusions: Curcumin inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production, ROS synthesis, and adipogenesis in orbital fibroblasts of GO patients in vitro possibly related to multiple proinflammatory signaling molecules and β-catenin pathway. The results of the study support potential use of the curcumin in the treatment of GO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4129-4140
Number of pages12
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science
Volume60
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Curcuma
Curcumin
Polyphenols
Therapeutic Uses
Fibroblasts
Interleukin-1
Peroxisome Proliferators
Catenins
Reactive Oxygen Species
Adipogenesis
Cytokines
Smoke
Tobacco Products
Western Blotting
CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Interleukin-8
Fluorescent Dyes
Oxidants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{c4ff0c370d7e4e8386863790a991e4a4,
title = "Therapeutic Effect of Curcumin, a Plant Polyphenol Extracted From Curcuma longae, in Fibroblasts From Patients With Graves' Orbitopathy",
abstract = "Purpose: We examined the therapeutic effect of nontoxic concentrations of curcumin, a plant polyphenol extracted from Curcuma longae, in primary cultures of orbital fibroblasts from Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Methods: The effect of curcumin on interleukin (IL)-1β induced-proinflammatory cytokine production was determined using quantitative real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis. Adipogenic differentiation was identified using Oil-Red O staining, and levels of peroxisome proliferator activator γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) α/β were determined by Western blot analyses. Antioxidant activity was measured using an oxidant-sensitive fluorescent probe to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in response to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Results: Treatment with curcumin resulted in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in IL-1β-induced synthesis of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and ICAM-1 at both mRNA and protein levels. Decrease in lipid droplets and expression of PPARγ and c/EBPα/β were noted in fibroblasts treated with curcumin during adipose differentiation. CSE- or H2O2-induced ROS synthesis was significantly lower in curcumin-treated fibroblasts in comparison with the control. Curcumin significantly suppressed IL-1β-induced phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Akt, c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, and nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, p65 proteins and stimulated β-catenin translocation into nucleus during adipogenesis. Conclusions: Curcumin inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production, ROS synthesis, and adipogenesis in orbital fibroblasts of GO patients in vitro possibly related to multiple proinflammatory signaling molecules and β-catenin pathway. The results of the study support potential use of the curcumin in the treatment of GO.",
author = "Lee, {Jihei Sara} and Jinjoo Kim and Lee, {Eun Jig} and Yoon, {Jin Sook}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1167/iovs.19-27376",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "4129--4140",
journal = "Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science",
issn = "0146-0404",
publisher = "Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Inc.",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Therapeutic Effect of Curcumin, a Plant Polyphenol Extracted From Curcuma longae, in Fibroblasts From Patients With Graves' Orbitopathy

AU - Lee, Jihei Sara

AU - Kim, Jinjoo

AU - Lee, Eun Jig

AU - Yoon, Jin Sook

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Purpose: We examined the therapeutic effect of nontoxic concentrations of curcumin, a plant polyphenol extracted from Curcuma longae, in primary cultures of orbital fibroblasts from Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Methods: The effect of curcumin on interleukin (IL)-1β induced-proinflammatory cytokine production was determined using quantitative real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis. Adipogenic differentiation was identified using Oil-Red O staining, and levels of peroxisome proliferator activator γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) α/β were determined by Western blot analyses. Antioxidant activity was measured using an oxidant-sensitive fluorescent probe to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in response to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Results: Treatment with curcumin resulted in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in IL-1β-induced synthesis of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and ICAM-1 at both mRNA and protein levels. Decrease in lipid droplets and expression of PPARγ and c/EBPα/β were noted in fibroblasts treated with curcumin during adipose differentiation. CSE- or H2O2-induced ROS synthesis was significantly lower in curcumin-treated fibroblasts in comparison with the control. Curcumin significantly suppressed IL-1β-induced phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Akt, c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, and nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, p65 proteins and stimulated β-catenin translocation into nucleus during adipogenesis. Conclusions: Curcumin inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production, ROS synthesis, and adipogenesis in orbital fibroblasts of GO patients in vitro possibly related to multiple proinflammatory signaling molecules and β-catenin pathway. The results of the study support potential use of the curcumin in the treatment of GO.

AB - Purpose: We examined the therapeutic effect of nontoxic concentrations of curcumin, a plant polyphenol extracted from Curcuma longae, in primary cultures of orbital fibroblasts from Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Methods: The effect of curcumin on interleukin (IL)-1β induced-proinflammatory cytokine production was determined using quantitative real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis. Adipogenic differentiation was identified using Oil-Red O staining, and levels of peroxisome proliferator activator γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) α/β were determined by Western blot analyses. Antioxidant activity was measured using an oxidant-sensitive fluorescent probe to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in response to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Results: Treatment with curcumin resulted in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in IL-1β-induced synthesis of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and ICAM-1 at both mRNA and protein levels. Decrease in lipid droplets and expression of PPARγ and c/EBPα/β were noted in fibroblasts treated with curcumin during adipose differentiation. CSE- or H2O2-induced ROS synthesis was significantly lower in curcumin-treated fibroblasts in comparison with the control. Curcumin significantly suppressed IL-1β-induced phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Akt, c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, and nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, p65 proteins and stimulated β-catenin translocation into nucleus during adipogenesis. Conclusions: Curcumin inhibits proinflammatory cytokine production, ROS synthesis, and adipogenesis in orbital fibroblasts of GO patients in vitro possibly related to multiple proinflammatory signaling molecules and β-catenin pathway. The results of the study support potential use of the curcumin in the treatment of GO.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073073082&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073073082&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1167/iovs.19-27376

DO - 10.1167/iovs.19-27376

M3 - Article

C2 - 31593984

AN - SCOPUS:85073073082

VL - 60

SP - 4129

EP - 4140

JO - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science

JF - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science

SN - 0146-0404

IS - 13

ER -