Therapeutic results of intra-arterial thrombolysis after full-dose intravenous tissue plasminogen activator administration

Do Sung Yoo, Y. D. Won, P. W. Huh, H. E. Shin, K. T. Kim, S. G. Kang, S. B. Lee, K. S. Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: IV administration of tPA is accepted as a standard treatment for acute cerebral ischemia, but the clinical outcomes cannot be guaranteed in patients who are not recanalized after IV-tPA and in those who are not eligible for IV-tPA. In this study, outcomes from groups of patients treated with additional IA thrombolytic therapy with the use or omission of IV-tPA administration were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IA thrombolytic therapy (thrombolytic agents combined with mechanical intervention) was attempted in those patients who were not eligible for IV-tPA and who showed continuous major vessel occlusion after IV-tPA. Sixty-three patients were divided into 2 groups: a tPA group (n = 29, IA thrombolysis after IV-tPA) and a non-tPA group (n = 34, IA thrombolysis without IV-tPA). These groups were subdivided according to match or mismatch DWI/PWI after MR imaging. Treatment results were compared by recanalization rate, clinical outcome, mortality, and ICH rate. RESULTS: The recanalization rate was 79.3% in the tPA group and 55.9% in the non-tPA group (χ2 test, P < .05). Subgroup analysis between DWI/PWI mismatch in the tPA group and DWI/PWI mismatch in the non-tPA group also showed no statistical difference in recanalization rate, favorable clinical outcome, and mortality (χ2 test, P > .05), but the significant ICH rate was high in the tPA group (χ2 test, P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Additional IA thrombolytic treatment after full-dose IV-tPA administration might be an acceptable treatment option for patients with DWI/PWI mismatch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1536-1540
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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