Thermal cracking prediction model and software for asphalt pavements

Eshan V. Dave, Sofie Leon, Kyoungsoo Park

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermally induced cracking in asphalt pavements remains to be one of the prominent distress mechanisms in regions with cooler climates. At present, the AASHTO Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG) is the most widely deployed pavement analysis and design procedure. For thermal cracking predictions, MEPDG utilizes a simplified one-dimensional stress evaluation model with a simple Paris-law (i.e. linear elastic fracture mechanics) based crack propagation procedure. The user-friendly graphical interface for MEPDG makes it an attractive design procedure of choice, however, the over simplicity of the model and lack of a physics-based representation to accurately capture the nonlinear fracture behavior of rate-dependent asphalt concrete reduce(s) the reliability of predictions. This study presents an interactive thermal cracking prediction model that utilizes a nonlinear finite element based thermal cracking analysis engine which can be easily employed using a user-friendly graphical interface. The analysis engine is comprised of (1) the cohesive zone fracture model for accurate simulation of crack initiation and propagation due to thermal loading and (2) the viscoelastic material model for time and temperature dependent bulk material behavior. The graphical user interface (GUI) is designed to be highly interactive and user-friendly in nature, and features screen layouts similar to those used in the AASHTO MEPDG, thus minimizing transition time for the user. This paper describes the individual components of the low temperature cracking prediction software (called LTC Model) including details on the graphical user interface, viscoelastic finite element analysis, cohesive zone fracture model, and integration of various software components for thermal cracking predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationT and DI Congress 2011
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE
Pages667-676
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 2
Event1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 2011 Mar 132011 Mar 16

Publication series

NameT and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE

Other

Other1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period11/3/1311/3/16

Fingerprint

Asphalt pavements
asphalt
pavement
Pavements
software
Graphical user interfaces
prediction
user interface
fracture zone
Crack propagation
engine
Engines
Asphalt concrete
fracture mechanics
crack propagation
cracking (fracture)
Hot Temperature
mechanic
Crack initiation
layout

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Transportation
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Dave, E. V., Leon, S., & Park, K. (2011). Thermal cracking prediction model and software for asphalt pavements. In T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE (pp. 667-676). (T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/41167(398)64
Dave, Eshan V. ; Leon, Sofie ; Park, Kyoungsoo. / Thermal cracking prediction model and software for asphalt pavements. T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE. 2011. pp. 667-676 (T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE).
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abstract = "Thermally induced cracking in asphalt pavements remains to be one of the prominent distress mechanisms in regions with cooler climates. At present, the AASHTO Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG) is the most widely deployed pavement analysis and design procedure. For thermal cracking predictions, MEPDG utilizes a simplified one-dimensional stress evaluation model with a simple Paris-law (i.e. linear elastic fracture mechanics) based crack propagation procedure. The user-friendly graphical interface for MEPDG makes it an attractive design procedure of choice, however, the over simplicity of the model and lack of a physics-based representation to accurately capture the nonlinear fracture behavior of rate-dependent asphalt concrete reduce(s) the reliability of predictions. This study presents an interactive thermal cracking prediction model that utilizes a nonlinear finite element based thermal cracking analysis engine which can be easily employed using a user-friendly graphical interface. The analysis engine is comprised of (1) the cohesive zone fracture model for accurate simulation of crack initiation and propagation due to thermal loading and (2) the viscoelastic material model for time and temperature dependent bulk material behavior. The graphical user interface (GUI) is designed to be highly interactive and user-friendly in nature, and features screen layouts similar to those used in the AASHTO MEPDG, thus minimizing transition time for the user. This paper describes the individual components of the low temperature cracking prediction software (called LTC Model) including details on the graphical user interface, viscoelastic finite element analysis, cohesive zone fracture model, and integration of various software components for thermal cracking predictions.",
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Dave, EV, Leon, S & Park, K 2011, Thermal cracking prediction model and software for asphalt pavements. in T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE. T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE, pp. 667-676, 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE, Chicago, IL, United States, 11/3/13. https://doi.org/10.1061/41167(398)64

Thermal cracking prediction model and software for asphalt pavements. / Dave, Eshan V.; Leon, Sofie; Park, Kyoungsoo.

T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE. 2011. p. 667-676 (T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Dave EV, Leon S, Park K. Thermal cracking prediction model and software for asphalt pavements. In T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE. 2011. p. 667-676. (T and DI Congress 2011: Integrated Transportation and Development for a Better Tomorrow - Proceedings of the 1st Congress of the Transportation and Development Institute of ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/41167(398)64