Thermal evolution of BaO-CuO flux as sintering aid for proton conducting ceramic fuel cells

Mridula Biswas, Jongsup Hong, Hyoungchul Kim, Ji Won Son, Jong Ho Lee, Byung Kook Kim, Hae Weon Lee, Kyung Joong Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The eutectic melt of BaO-CuO flux is known to be a potential sintering aid for Ba(Zr,Y)O3 (BZY) electrolyte for proton-conducting ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs). A density of BZY higher than 97% of theoretical density can be achieved via sintering at 1300°C for 2 h using a flux composed of 28 mol% BaO and 72 mol% CuO. In the present study, chemical and structural evolution of BaO-CuO flux throughout the sintering process was investigated. An intermediate holding step at 1100°C leads to formation of various impurity compounds such as BaCuO1.977, Ba0.92Cu1.06O2.28 and Cu16O14.15, which exhibit significantly larger unit cell volumes than the matrix. The presence of such secondary compounds with large lattice mismatch can potentially lead to mechanical failure. On the other hand, direct heating to the final sintering temperature produced CuO and Cu2O as secondary phases, whose unit cell volumes are close to that of the matrix. Therefore, the final composition of the flux is strongly affected by the thermal history, and a proper sintering schedule should be used to obtain the desired properties of the final product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-510
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

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Protons
Fuel cells
Sintering
Fluxes
Lattice mismatch
Eutectics
Electrolytes
Hot Temperature
Impurities
Heating
Chemical analysis
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Biswas, Mridula ; Hong, Jongsup ; Kim, Hyoungchul ; Son, Ji Won ; Lee, Jong Ho ; Kim, Byung Kook ; Lee, Hae Weon ; Yoon, Kyung Joong. / Thermal evolution of BaO-CuO flux as sintering aid for proton conducting ceramic fuel cells. In: Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society. 2016 ; Vol. 53, No. 5. pp. 506-510.
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abstract = "The eutectic melt of BaO-CuO flux is known to be a potential sintering aid for Ba(Zr,Y)O3 (BZY) electrolyte for proton-conducting ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs). A density of BZY higher than 97{\%} of theoretical density can be achieved via sintering at 1300°C for 2 h using a flux composed of 28 mol{\%} BaO and 72 mol{\%} CuO. In the present study, chemical and structural evolution of BaO-CuO flux throughout the sintering process was investigated. An intermediate holding step at 1100°C leads to formation of various impurity compounds such as BaCuO1.977, Ba0.92Cu1.06O2.28 and Cu16O14.15, which exhibit significantly larger unit cell volumes than the matrix. The presence of such secondary compounds with large lattice mismatch can potentially lead to mechanical failure. On the other hand, direct heating to the final sintering temperature produced CuO and Cu2O as secondary phases, whose unit cell volumes are close to that of the matrix. Therefore, the final composition of the flux is strongly affected by the thermal history, and a proper sintering schedule should be used to obtain the desired properties of the final product.",
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Thermal evolution of BaO-CuO flux as sintering aid for proton conducting ceramic fuel cells. / Biswas, Mridula; Hong, Jongsup; Kim, Hyoungchul; Son, Ji Won; Lee, Jong Ho; Kim, Byung Kook; Lee, Hae Weon; Yoon, Kyung Joong.

In: Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, Vol. 53, No. 5, 01.09.2016, p. 506-510.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Biswas, Mridula

AU - Hong, Jongsup

AU - Kim, Hyoungchul

AU - Son, Ji Won

AU - Lee, Jong Ho

AU - Kim, Byung Kook

AU - Lee, Hae Weon

AU - Yoon, Kyung Joong

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