The influence of thermal exposure on sensing properties of H2 sensor based on Pd MOTIFE (highly mobile palladium thin films on an elastomer) was investigated. This sensor was fabricated on a Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) substrate and its Pd nanogaps were obtained through mechanical stretching and H2 exposure. When the substrates were annealed at 80–200 °C, wrinkles were formed to release the stress due to the mismatch of the thermal expansion coefficients between the PDMS layer and the Pd film. The wrinkling wavelength and the compressive stress of the Pd/PDMS layers were estimated using simple equations as a function of the annealing temperature. The width of the Pd nanogaps of the annealed samples was measured using SEM analysis. Higher annealing temperatures led to a decrease in the wrinkling wavelength and an increase in the width of the Pd nanogap. This was attributed to increases in the individual variation of the compressive stress and strain between PDMS and the Pd/PDMS layers. The enlarged Pd nanogap contributed to a decrease in the performance of the sensor. Nevertheless, the Pd sensor exhibited perfectly on-off operation with a response time of less than 1 s when annealed at temperatures up to 100 °C.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by the Priority Research Centers Program ( 2009-0093823 ) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) and “The Project of Conversion by the Past R&D Results” through the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy(MOTIE) and the Korea Institute for the Advancement of Technology(KIAT) ( N0001532 , 2015) and Korea Ministry of Environment as “Convergence Technology Program ( 2015001650001 )”.
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry