Recently, electronic skin that mimics human skin in measuring tactile stimuli, temperature, and humidity and having a self-healing function was developed. Furthermore, with the advances in the field of artificial intelligence and health monitoring, various materials and methods have been studied for e-skin. The limitations to work on actual human skin include device flexibility and large-area applications through array structures, and many studies are underway to overcome these problems. Polymeric materials containing ionic liquids can be used to easily fabricate devices in the solid state. They are highly sensitive to both pressure and temperature, making them suitable for multi-sensing devices. Resistive and capacitive sensors have the advantage of having a simple structure, which makes them easy to fabricate. In a single device, both types work well. For resistive sensors, the temperature sensitivity (1.1/°C) is relatively high. Conversely, capacitive sensors have a low temperature sensitivity (0.3/°C). However, they have the advantage of being uniformly variable under each condition and having a smaller error range. In the array structure, independent flex and thermo sensors are arranged repeatedly. The resistive type shows changes in temperature and bending, but in the capacitive type, it is difficult to obtain results from the pixels due to parasitic capacitance.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (NRF-2017R1E1A1A01074087).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)