Thermo-physical characteristics of nickel-coated aluminum powder as a function of particle size and oxidant

Sanghyup Lee, Kwanyoung Noh, Jihwan Lim, Woong-Sup Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aluminum particles 15-25 μm in size are widely used in fuel propellants and underwater propulsion systems in national defense research. However, these particles are covered with an aluminum oxide film, which has a high melting point, so ignition is difficult. To improve the ignitability of high-energy aluminum powder and to understand the reaction phenomenon as a function of particle size(15-25 μm, 74-105 μm, and 2.38 mm) and oxidizer(air, CO 2 , and argon), the natural oxide films are chemically removed. The particles are then coated with nickel using an electro-less method. The degree of nickel deposition is confirmed qualitatively and quantitatively through surface analysis using scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy. To characterize the nickel coatings, elemental analysis is also conducted by using X-ray diffraction. Thermogravimetric analysis/differential scanning calorimetry (TGA/DSC) enable comparisons between the uncoated and coated aluminum, and the reaction process are investigated through fine structural analysis of the particle surfaces and cross sections. There are little difference in reactivity as a function of oxidant type. However, a strong exothermic reaction in the smaller nickel-coated aluminum particles near the melting point of aluminum accelerates the reaction of the smaller particles. Explanation of the reactivity of the nickel-coated aluminum depending on the particle sizes is attempted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1244-1255
Number of pages12
JournalChinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering (English Edition)
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

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Oxidants
Particle size
Nickel
Aluminum
Powders
Oxide films
Melting point
Nickel coatings
Exothermic reactions
Surface analysis
Propellants
Structural analysis
Propulsion
Ignition
Thermogravimetric analysis
Argon
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Differential scanning calorimetry
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Lee, Sanghyup ; Noh, Kwanyoung ; Lim, Jihwan ; Yoon, Woong-Sup. / Thermo-physical characteristics of nickel-coated aluminum powder as a function of particle size and oxidant. In: Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering (English Edition). 2016 ; Vol. 29, No. 6. pp. 1244-1255.
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Thermo-physical characteristics of nickel-coated aluminum powder as a function of particle size and oxidant. / Lee, Sanghyup; Noh, Kwanyoung; Lim, Jihwan; Yoon, Woong-Sup.

In: Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering (English Edition), Vol. 29, No. 6, 01.11.2016, p. 1244-1255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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