Thermochemical conversion routes of hydrogen production from organic biomass: processes, challenges and limitations

Gopalakrishnan Kumar, A. Parvathy Eswari, S. Kavitha, M. Dinesh Kumar, R. Yukesh Kannah, Lay Chyi How, Gobi Muthukaruppan, J. Rajesh Banu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen production from various organic biomass via thermochemical process is considered as a promising and economical viable technique. The advantages of this process are higher product yield and flexibility with current available facilities than other hydrogen production methods. Nowadays, large-scale hydrogen production from various biomass is the challenging process. Still, few thermochemical conversion process are yet in developing stage and there are several issues need to be solved for its successful pilot-scale operation, for example fluctuation equipment cost, availability of feedstocks, practical barriers, and public reception. Most of the researchers have strongly recommend that organic biomass is a suitable and predominant source of feedstock for hydrogen production. But, an extensive energy is required for the thermochemical conversion technologies to produce hydrogen rich syngas, due to extremely endothermic effect. In future, more research is required to reduce the emission of greenhouse gas and hydrogen production cost. In addition to this, certain mathematical modeling is required to reduce process energy demand. Detailed techno economic investigations are required to prior implementation of large-scale reactor. This review focuses on various thermochemical conversion technologies and their potential ways of hydrogen production using various organic biomass as a feedstock, challenges, and limitations associated with the process.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Department of Biotechnology, India, under its initiative Mission innovation Challenge Scheme (IC4). The grant from the project entitled “A novel integrated biorefinery for conversion of lignocellulosic agro waste into value added products and bioenergy” ( BT/PR31054/PBD/26/763/2019 ) is utilized for this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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