In this study, thermodynamic, exergetic, and thermoeconomic analyses of a 1-kW proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) fueled by natural gas were performed. In particular, the chemical reaction rates of the burner, reformer, water gas shift (WGS) reactor, and preferential oxidation reactor (PrOx) were carefully investigated to obtain the range of rates of the reforming and WGS reactions. The unit cost of H2 gas produced by the fuel processing unit, and of the electricity generated by the PEMFC system were determined using the unit cost of H2 by a detailed thermoeconomic analysis based on the data obtained from a series of experiments. In the presence and absence of an anode-off gas in the burner, the unit costs of the H2 produced by the fuel processing unit were approximately 22.8 $/GJ and 27.5 $/GJ, respectively, considering the unit cost of natural gas, 10 $/GJ. Correspondingly, the calculated unit costs of electricity produced by the PEMFC were 286.8 $/GJ and 295.6 $/GJ, respectively.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Feb 15|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government ( MOTIE ), ( 20173010032150 , Development of Smart Fault Diagnosis and Maintenance Technology to Improve Durability of PEM Fuel Cell Systems).
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Modelling and Simulation
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering